Social and immigration factors in intimate partner violence among Ecuadorians, Moroccans and Romanians living in Spain

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Título: Social and immigration factors in intimate partner violence among Ecuadorians, Moroccans and Romanians living in Spain
Autor/es: Vives-Cases, Carmen | Torrubiano Domínguez, Jordi | Gil-González, Diana | La Parra-Casado, Daniel | Agudelo Suárez, Andrés A. | Davó-Blanes, M. Carmen | Pérez Belda, Carmen | Martinez-Roman, Maria-Asuncion
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Salud Pública | Observatorio Europeo de Tendencias Sociales (OBETS) | Grupo de Investigación sobre Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales (GITSS)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Sociología II | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales
Palabras clave: Intimate partner violence | Social factors | Immigration factors
Área/s de conocimiento: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública | Sociología | Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales
Fecha de publicación: 12-sep-2013
Editor: Oxford University Press
Cita bibliográfica: European Journal of Public Health. 2013, Advance Access. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckt127
Resumen: Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women occurs in all countries, all cultures and at every level of society; however, some populations may be at greater risk than others. The aim of this study was to explore IPV prevalence among Ecuadorian, Moroccan and Romanian immigrant women living in Spain and its possible association with their personal, family, social support and immigration status characteristics. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 1607 adult immigrant women residing in Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia (2011). Prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) were calculated, with current IPV being the outcome. Different women’s personal (demographic), family, social support and immigration status characteristics were considered as explicative and control variables. All analyses were separated by women’s country of origin. Results: Current IPV prevalence was 15.57% in Ecuadorians, 10.91% in Moroccans and 8.58% in Romanians. Some common IPV factors were found, such as being separated and/or divorced. In Romanians, IPV was also associated with lack of social support [AOR 5.96 (1.39–25.62)] and low religious involvement [AOR 2.17 (1.06–4.43)]. The likelihood of current IPV was lower among women without children or other dependants in this subgroup [AOR 0.29 (0.093–0.92)]. Conclusion: The IPV prevalence rates obtained for Moroccan, Romanian and Ecuadorian women residing in Spain were similar. Whereas the likelihood of IPV appeared to be relatively evenly distributed among Moroccan and Ecuadorian women, it was higher among Romanian women in socially vulnerable situations related to family responsibilities and the lack of support networks. The importance of intervention in the process of separation and divorce was common to all women.
Patrocinador/es: This study was supported by the Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain with a grant for Health Research provided through the Carlos III Health Institute [PI10/00151].
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/38500
ISSN: 1101-1262 (Print) | 1464-360X (Online)
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt127
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association
Revisión científica: si
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckt127
Aparece en las colecciones:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - OBETS - Artículos de Revistas
INV - GITSS - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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