The effect of macrosocial policies on violence against women: a multilevel study in 28 European countries

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Title: The effect of macrosocial policies on violence against women: a multilevel study in 28 European countries
Authors: Sanz, Belén | Corradi, Consuelo | Otero, Laura | Ayala, Alba | Vives-Cases, Carmen
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Estudios de Género
Keywords: Intimate partner violence | Spouse abuse | European Union | Legislation | Multilevel analysis
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2018
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Citation: International Journal of Public Health. 2018, 63(8): 901-911. doi:10.1007/s00038-018-1143-1
Abstract: Objectives: To describe and analyze whether a relationship exists between gender equality and political responses to gender violence (GV) against women with physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) in the European Union (EU). Methods: We analyzed a subsample of 39,269 ever-partnered women aged 18 and older from the violence against women survey (2012) of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. Outcome was last 12 months physical and/or sexual IPV. Multilevel Poisson regression models were used. Results: Current prevalence of IPV was 4.2%. Having suffered abuse by an adult before age 15 was the strongest associated factor for increasing the probability of suffering (PR: 2.9). Living in countries with higher gender equality, with anti-GV legislation prior to 2005, in countries where the state involved multiple actors in GV response and in countries with family policies included in the Anglo-Saxon, Eastern European and Southern European typologies (reference: Nordic), diminishes the women likelihood of suffering IPV. Conclusions: The response to IPV in the EU requires an integral approach that accounts for the efforts of multiple sectors as well as policies that reach greater levels of gender equality in the countries.
ISSN: 1661-8556 (Print) | 1661-8564 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-018-1143-1
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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