Insights of Active Extension Within a Collisional Orogen From GNSS (Central Betic Cordillera, S Spain)

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Title: Insights of Active Extension Within a Collisional Orogen From GNSS (Central Betic Cordillera, S Spain)
Authors: Martin-Rojas, Ivan | Alfaro García, Pedro | Galindo Zaldívar, Jesús | Borque Arancón, María Jesús | García Tortosa, Francisco Juan | Sanz de Galdeano, Carlos | Avilés, Manuel | Sánchez Alzola, Alberto | González-Castillo, Lourdes | Ruano, Patricia | Medina-Cascales, Iván | Tendero-Salmerón, Víctor | Madarieta-Txurruka, Asier | Pedrosa-González, María Teresa | Gil Cruz, Antonio José
Research Group/s: Evolución Geodinámica de la Cordillera Bética Oriental y de la Plataforma Marina de Alicante
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente
Keywords: Nubia-Eurasia plate boundary | Geodesy | Active normal faults
Issue Date: 13-Jun-2023
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Tectonics. 2023, 42(7): e2022TC007723.
Abstract: The coexistence of shortening and extensional tectonic regimes is a common feature in orogenic belts. The westernmost end of the Western Mediterranean is an area undergoing shortening related to the 5 mm/yr NNW‒SSE convergence of the Nubia and Eurasia Plates. In this region, the Central Betic Cordillera shows a regional ENE‒WSW extension. Here, we present GNSS-derived geodetic data along a 170 km-long transect orthogonal to the main active normal faults of the Central Betic Cordillera. Our data indicate that the total extension rate along the Central Betic Cordillera is 2.0 ± 0.3 mm/yr. Extension is accommodated in the eastern (0.8 ± 0.3 mm/yr in the Guadix-Baza Basin) and western (1.3 ± 0.3 mm/yr in the Granada Basin) parts of the Central Betic Cordillera, while no extension is recorded in the central part of the study area. Moreover, our data permit us to quantify, for the first time, short-term fault slip rates of the Granada Fault System, which is one of the main seismogenic sources of the Iberian Peninsula. We deduce a fault slip rate of ∼1.3 ± 0.3 mm/yr for the whole Granada Basin, with 0.9 ± 0.3 mm/yr being accommodated in the Granada Fault System and 0.4 ± 0.3 mm/yr being accommodated in the southwestern sector of the Granada Basin, where no active faults have been previously described at the surface. The heterogeneous extension in the Central Betic Cordillera could be accommodated by shallow high-angle normal faults that merge with a detachment at depth. Part of the active extension could be derived from gravitational instability because of underlying over-thickened crust.
Sponsor: This research was funded by the Generalitat Valenciana (Valencian Regional Government, Research project AICO/2021/196), Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and University (Research Projects RTI2018-100737-B-I00 and PID2021-127967NB-I00), the University of Alicante (Research Project VIGROB053), the University of Jaén (POAIUJA 2021–2022, CEACTEMA and Programa Operativo FEDER Andalucía, 2014–2020—call made by UJA, 2018, Ref. 1263446), P18-RT-3275 (Junta de Andalucía/FEDER), and the Junta de Andalucía regional government (RNM282 and RNM 148 research groups). The Institut Cartogràfic Valencià, Agencia Valenciana de Seguridad y Respuesta a las Emergencias (Generalitat Valenciana), Consorcio Provincial para el Servicio de Prevención y Extinción de Incendios y Salvamento de Alicante, Excelentísimas Diputaciones Provinciales de Alicante y Castellón, and the Ayuntamiento de Almoradí also provided partial funding.
ISSN: 1944-9194
DOI: 10.1029/2022TC007723
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2023 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Peer Review: si
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