Prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome Among Iranian Medical University Employees and Graduate Students in their Occupational Environment

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/115562
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Title: Prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome Among Iranian Medical University Employees and Graduate Students in their Occupational Environment
Authors: Qolami, Milad | Cantó Sancho, Natalia | Seguí-Crespo, Mar | Ronda-Pérez, Elena | Mirzajani, Ali | Taghizade, Ghorban
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Óptica, Farmacología y Anatomía | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Computer vision syndrome | Digital eye strain | Ocular symptoms | Occupational hazards
Knowledge Area: Óptica | Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2020
Publisher: Iran University of Medical Sciences | Negah Institute for Scientific Communication
Citation: Function and Disability Journal. 2020, 3(1): 151-160. https://doi.org/10.32598/fdj.4.17
Abstract: Background and Objectives: The prolonged use of digital screens can cause a set of visual and ocular symptoms known as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), which is a common health issue among computer users. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of CVS among university employees and graduate students in their occupational environment in Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Rehabilitation School of Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran. The study population (n=154) included all university employees and graduate students who spend at least one hour of computer work per day in their workplace. The participants completed a validated self-administered questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed and the prevalence of CVS was calculated. The correlations between variables were assessed using the Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients and non-parametrical tests were used to evaluate the association between CVS and predictor variables, as well as differences between subgroups. Results: The Mean±SD age of the sample was 37.7±11.0 years, 64.3% were women, 57.8% were employee, 56.5% have higher education and the Mean±SD of computer usage time was 5.08±2.2. The total prevalence of CVS was 48.7% and the most frequent symptoms were eye redness (62.3%) and burning (56.5%). A significant positive correlation was found between the number of hours working with a computer and the total score of CVS (Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.248, P=0.02). Moreover, the total score of CVS significantly differed between participants who use six or more hours the computer and those who spend less than six hours (Mann-Whitney U test: P=0.007). Conclusion: This is the first investigation using a validated questionnaire to estimate the prevalence of CVS among computer users in the occupational environment, in Iran. The results show a relatively high prevalence of CVS these populations. The most affected are those who use the computer for a longer duration.
Sponsor: This study was supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/115562
ISSN: 2588-6304
DOI: 10.32598/fdj.4.17
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: This work has been published under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.32598/fdj.4.17
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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