Water Consumption and Management in Schools in the City of Alicante (Southern Spain) (2000–2017): Free Water Helps Promote Saving Water?

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Title: Water Consumption and Management in Schools in the City of Alicante (Southern Spain) (2000–2017): Free Water Helps Promote Saving Water?
Authors: Morote Seguido, Álvaro Francisco | Hernández-Hernández, María | Olcina, Jorge | Rico, Antonio
Research Group/s: Agua y Territorio | Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España | Clima y Ordenación del Territorio | Grupo de Investigación en Historia y Clima
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Non-domestic water consumption | Schools | Free water | Alicante
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Morote Á-F, Hernández M, Olcina J, Rico A-M. Water Consumption and Management in Schools in the City of Alicante (Southern Spain) (2000–2017): Free Water Helps Promote Saving Water? Water. 2020; 12(4):1052. doi:10.3390/w12041052
Abstract: Studies on water in cities usually focus on household consumption. However, little attention has been given to non-household consumption and schools from a geographic perspective. The objectives of this research are to examine water consumption trends in schools in the city of Alicante (Southern Spain) between 2000–2017, revise how water use is managed in these centers, and, lastly, examine initiatives aimed at environmental education and saving water in these schools. The results obtained from a survey of school directors indicate a low level of participation because only 14 of the 88 educational centres in the city chose to collaborate in this research. Second, and with regard to water trend consumption, in 2017, water consumption increased by 1.76% in comparison with the average for the period of 2000 to 2004, in contrast with a 38.9% fall in non-household general consumption in the city. Lastly, measures to encourage water saving and environmental education in schools are limited. This tendency is explained by the increase in the number of users over the last five years. Second, the water bill is not paid directly by schools’ directors and, thus, ‘free’ water is a factor that does not incentivise savings. A third is the little investment made in the installation of water-saving devices, water-saving plans, or action taken to promote the use of non-conventional water resources to the watering garden. Lastly, low promotion of environmental education or incentives for savings in schools.
Sponsor: The results presented in this article are part of the research’s projects “Uses and Management of Non-Conventional Water Resources on the Coast of Valencia and Murcia as an Adaptation Strategy to Drought” funded by the Spanish MINECO under grant number CSO2015-65182-C2-2-P and “Social representations of school content in the development of teaching competencies” funded by the Spanish MINECO under grant number PGC2018-094491-B-C32.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/105269
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w12041052
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12041052
Appears in Collections:INV - HYC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas

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