Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review

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Title: Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review
Authors: Martínez-García, Alba | Trescastro-López, Eva María | Galiana-Sánchez, María Eugenia | Pereyra-Zamora, Pamela
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Environment | Built environment | Food environment | Obesity | Adult | Surveys and questionnaires | Measurement
Knowledge Area: Historia de la Ciencia | Enfermería
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Martínez-García A, Trescastro-López EM, Galiana-Sánchez ME, Pereyra-Zamora P. Data Collection Instruments for Obesogenic Environments in Adults: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(8):1414. doi:10.3390/ijerph16081414
Abstract: The rise in obesity prevalence has increased research interest in the obesogenic environment and its influence on excess weight. The aim of the present study was to review and map data collection instruments for obesogenic environments in adults in order to provide an overview of the existing evidence and enable comparisons. Through the scoping review method, different databases and webpages were searched between January 1997 and May 2018. Instruments were included if they targeted adults. The documents were categorised as food environment or built environment. In terms of results, 92 instruments were found: 46 instruments measuring the food environment, 42 measuring the built environment, and 4 that characterised both environments. Numerous diverse instruments have been developed to characterise the obesogenic environment, and some of them have been developed based on existing ones; however, most of them have not been validated and there is very little similarity between them, hindering comparison of the results obtained. In addition, most of them were developed and used in the United States and were written in English. In conclusion, there is a need for a robust instrument, improving or combining existing ones, for use within and across countries, and more sophisticated study designs where the environment is contemplated in an interdisciplinary approach.
ISSN: 1661-7827 (Print) | 1660-4601 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16081414
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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