Definition of a temporal distribution index for high temporal resolution precipitation data over Peninsular Spain and the Balearic Islands: the fractal dimension; and its synoptic implications

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Title: Definition of a temporal distribution index for high temporal resolution precipitation data over Peninsular Spain and the Balearic Islands: the fractal dimension; and its synoptic implications
Authors: Meseguer-Ruiz, Óliver | Osborn, Timothy J. | Sarricolea, Pablo | Jones, Philip D. | Olcina, Jorge | Serrano‑Notivoli, Roberto | Martín Vide, Javier
Research Group/s: Clima y Ordenación del Territorio | Grupo de Investigación en Historia y Clima
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Precipitation | Fractal dimension | Jenkinson & Collison | Weather types | Iberian Peninsula | Western Mediterranean
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: Jan-2019
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Citation: Climate Dynamics. 2019, 52(1-2): 439-456. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4159-6
Abstract: Precipitation on the Spanish mainland and in the Balearic archipelago exhibits a high degree of spatial and temporal variability, regardless of the temporal resolution of the data considered. The fractal dimension indicates the property of self-similarity, and in the case of this study, wherein it is applied to the temporal behaviour of rainfall at a fine (10-min) resolution from a total of 48 observatories, it provides insights into its more or less convective nature. The methodology of Jenkinson & Collison which automatically classifies synoptic situations at the surface, as well as an adaptation of this methodology at 500 hPa, was applied in order to gain insights into the synoptic implications of extreme values of the fractal dimension. The highest fractal dimension values in the study area were observed in places with precipitation that has a more random behaviour over time with generally high totals. Four different regions in which the atmospheric mechanisms giving rise to precipitation at the surface differ from the corresponding above-ground mechanisms have been identified in the study area based on the fractal dimension. In the north of the Iberian Peninsula, high fractal dimension values are linked to a lower frequency of anticyclonic situations, whereas the opposite occurs in the central region. In the Mediterranean, higher fractal dimension values are associated with a higher frequency of the anticyclonic type and a lower frequency of the advective type from the east. In the south, lower fractal dimension values indicate higher frequency with respect to the anticyclonic type from the east and lower frequency with respect to the cyclonic type.
Sponsor: The authors want to thank the UTA-Mayor Project 5755-17 (Universidad de Tarapacá). This research is also included in the investigation program of the Climatology Group from the University of Barcelona (2014SGR300, Catalan Government).
ISSN: 0930-7575 (Print) | 1432-0894 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4159-6
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
Peer Review: si
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INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas

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