La difficile difesa di Augusta e del suo porto

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Title: La difficile difesa di Augusta e del suo porto
Authors: Magnano di San Lio, Eugenio
Keywords: Port | Fortifications | City | Castle | Harbor
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Universitat d’Alacant
Citation: Magnano di San Lio, Eugenio. "La difficile difesa di Augusta e del suo porto". In: Echarri Iribarren, Víctor (Ed.). Defensive Architecture of the Mediterranean. XV to XVIII Centuries: Vol. V: Proceedings of the International Conference on Modern Age Fortifications of the Mediterranean Coast, FORTMED 2017. Alacant: Publicacions Universitat d’Alacant, 2017. ISBN 978-84-16724-75-8, pp. 5-11
Abstract: The shape of the coastline has endowed the city Augusta of a huge size natural harbour: The site was chosen in 728 a. C. by Greek colonists to found the city of Megara. The size of the bay, along with the ease of landing, have made the site difficult to defend: and so, after the destruction of the city of Megara by the nearby Syracuse, for centuries the place has never been the subject of significant human settlements, apart from the construction of small villages. In 1233 the Emperor Frederick II built a massive castle and begins the life of a new city, in his honour called Augusta. Having long been a feudal town, in 1567 the city returns to the royal property, because its large natural harbour, difficult to defend, constitutes serious threat as a possible bridgehead for an invasion of the Kingdom of Sicily. The construction of new fortifications does not solve the problem due to the large size of the site and the lack of adequate economic resources, at least until the end of the seventeenth century. Precisely action taken in this period have particular influence on urban design with almost total reconstruction of the city to fit the new defensive needs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/70411
ISBN: 978-84-16724-75-8
Language: ita
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Rights: © editor Víctor Echarri Iribarren; de los textos: los autores; 2017, de la presente edición: Editorial Publicacions Universitat d’Alacant. Publicado con Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:FORTMED 2017 - Proceedings - Vol. I

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