The multifunctional artificial reef and its role in the defence of the Mediterranean coast

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Título: The multifunctional artificial reef and its role in the defence of the Mediterranean coast
Autor/es: López Úbeda, Isabel | Tinoco, Hugo | Aragonés Pomares, Luis | Garcia-Barba, Javier
Grupo/s de investigación o GITE: Ingeniería del Terreno y sus Estructuras (InTerEs)
Centro, Departamento o Servicio: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Palabras clave: Multifunctional artificial reef | Coastal defence | Surfing | Mediterranean Sea
Área/s de conocimiento: Ingeniería e Infraestructura de los Transportes | Ingeniería del Terreno
Fecha de publicación: 15-abr-2016
Editor: Elsevier
Cita bibliográfica: Science of The Total Environment. 2016, 550: 910-923. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.180
Resumen: Multifunctional artificial reefs (MFAR) are being implemented around the world, due to their ability to provide an environment where a sports–economic–recreational use and environmental improvement is implemented, and are also elements of coastal defence. However, a lot of failures have been recorded, possibly due to disregarded local factors in the formulations used, and there is no method that has encompassed all these factors, in order to take them into account in its design. The aim of this paper was to provide the coastal engineer with a method that would be used for the design of such reefs. To do this, the Babilonia beach of Guardamar del Segura, Alicante (Spain), was chosen because it is a fully anthropised area (with houses in the Maritime-Terrestrial Public Domain, marina, channelling and river mouth) with continuous regression, in which all the elements considered in this study, were treated. Based on the performance obtained in studies and projects worldwide, the climatic characteristics, biocenosis, sediment transport, settlements and liquefaction and the evolution of the coastline, were analysed. The multidisciplinary study carried out showed that with the implementation of a MFAR, the problem was reversed. Furthermore, the area was provided with a playful-economic use, and could be used 60% of the time, by surfers whose skill level were low to intermediate, without forgetting that the diversity of the marine ecosystem in the area was increased.
ISSN: 0048-9697 (Print) | 1879-1026 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.180
Idioma: eng
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Derechos: © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Revisión científica: si
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