From community approaches to single-cell genomics: the discovery of ubiquitous hyperhalophilic Bacteroidetes generalists

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dc.contributorEcología Microbiana Moleculares
dc.contributorAnálisis de Datos y Modelización de Procesos en Biología y Geocienciases
dc.contributor.authorGomariz, María-
dc.contributor.authorMartinez-Garcia, Manuel-
dc.contributor.authorSantos Sánchez, Fernando-
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez-Valera, Francisco-
dc.contributor.authorCapella-Gutiérrez, Salvador-
dc.contributor.authorGabaldón, Toni-
dc.contributor.authorRosselló Móra, Ramon-
dc.contributor.authorMeseguer, Inmaculada-
dc.contributor.authorAnton, Josefa-
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiologíaes
dc.contributor.otherUniversidad de Alicante. Departamento de Matemática Aplicadaes
dc.identifier.citationThe ISME Journal. 2015, 9: 16–31. doi:10.1038/ismej.2014.95es
dc.identifier.issn1751-7362 (Print)-
dc.identifier.issn1751-7370 (Online)-
dc.description.abstractThe microbiota of multi-pond solar salterns around the world has been analyzed using a variety of culture-dependent and molecular techniques. However, studies addressing the dynamic nature of these systems are very scarce. Here we have characterized the temporal variation during 1 year of the microbiota of five ponds with increasing salinity (from 18% to >40%), by means of CARD-FISH and DGGE. Microbial community structure was statistically correlated with several environmental parameters, including ionic composition and meteorological factors, indicating that the microbial community was dynamic as specific phylotypes appeared only at certain times of the year. In addition to total salinity, microbial composition was strongly influenced by temperature and specific ionic composition. Remarkably, DGGE analyses unveiled the presence of most phylotypes previously detected in hypersaline systems using metagenomics and other molecular techniques, such as the very abundant Haloquadratum and Salinibacter representatives or the recently described low GC Actinobacteria and Nanohaloarchaeota. In addition, an uncultured group of Bacteroidetes was present along the whole range of salinity. Database searches indicated a previously unrecognized widespread distribution of this phylotype. Single-cell genome analysis of five members of this group suggested a set of metabolic characteristics that could provide competitive advantages in hypersaline environments, such as polymer degradation capabilities, the presence of retinal-binding light-activated proton pumps and arsenate reduction potential. In addition, the fairly high metagenomic fragment recruitment obtained for these single cells in both the intermediate and hypersaline ponds further confirm the DGGE data and point to the generalist lifestyle of this new Bacteroidetes
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the projects CGL2012-39627-C03-01 and 02 of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, which were also co-financed with FEDER support from the European Union. TG group research is funded in part by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (BIO2012-37161), a grant from the Qatar National Research Fund grant (NPRP 5-298-3-086) and a grant from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC (grant agreement no. ERC-2012-StG-310325).es
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes
dc.rights© 2015 International Society for Microbial Ecologyes
dc.subjectCommunity approacheses
dc.subjectHyperhalophilic Bacteroidetes generalistses
dc.subject.otherMatemática Aplicadaes
dc.titleFrom community approaches to single-cell genomics: the discovery of ubiquitous hyperhalophilic Bacteroidetes generalistses
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