Prevalence, associated factors and health impact of intimate partner violence against women in different life stages

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Title: Prevalence, associated factors and health impact of intimate partner violence against women in different life stages
Authors: Sanz-Barbero, Belen | Barón, Natalia | Vives-Cases, Carmen
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Intimate partner violence | Women | Age | Prevalence | Risk factors | Health impact
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 9-Oct-2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Citation: Sanz-Barbero B, Barón N, Vives-Cases C (2019) Prevalence, associated factors and health impact of intimate partner violence against women in different life stages. PLoS ONE 14(10): e0221049. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221049
Abstract: Objectives The effect of age on intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has received little attention. The objective of this study is to analyze the prevalence, risk factors and health impact of current IPV in different life stages. Methods We analyzed a sub-sample of 8,935 ever-partnered women aged 16 years and older from the Spanish Macrosurvey on Gender Violence of 2014. Main outcomes: current physical/ sexual IPV and current psychological-only IPV. The impact of IPV on health was analyzed using the variables self-perceived health, mental health and activity limitations. Risk factors were assessed using the prevalence ratio (PR) from Poisson regression models with robust variance. Analyses were stratified by age (young people, adults, and elderly people). Results Abuse in childhood increases the likelihood of IPV in any life stage. A higher education level decreases the probability of physical/sexual IPV across all ages. Unemployment increases the probability of IPV in adult women (physical/sexual-IPV, PR:1.7; psychological-IPV, PR:1.3). Being an immigrant increases the likelihood of physical/sexual IPV in adult women (PRwomen:1.91). Women exposed to current physical/sexual IPV have a greater likelihood of reporting poor self-perceived health (PRyoungpeople:2.59; PRadults:1.68; PRelderly:1.28), poor mental health (PRyoungpeople:3.10; PRadults:2.61; PRedlerly:2.17) and activity limitations (PRyoungpeople:2.44; PRadults:1.98). For psychological IPV only, there is an increase in the probability of poor self-perceived health (PRadults:1.37; PRelderly:1.19), poor mental health (PRyoungpeople:2.24; PRadults:2.16; PRelderly:1.69), and activity limitations (PRadults:1.30; PRelderly:1.18). Conclusions We found both common factors and differential factors when looking at IPV by age group. This shows the need to link gender violence prevention with the social circumstances of the population across different life stages.
Sponsor: This study has been funded by the Health Institute Carlos III, Project number: PI17CIII/0002.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/97559
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221049
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 Sanz-Barbero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221049
Appears in Collections:Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas

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