Airborne exposure to chemical substances in hairdresser salons

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Title: Airborne exposure to chemical substances in hairdresser salons
Authors: Ronda-Pérez, Elena | Hollund, Bjorg Eli | Moen, Bente E.
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | X-lab AS | University of Bergen. Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care
Keywords: Dyes | Hairdressers | Temperature | TVOC
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Date Created: 2007
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Citation: RONDA PÉREZ, Elena; HOLLUND, Bjorg Eli; MOEN, Bente E. "Airborne exposure to chemical substances in hairdresser salons". Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. Online First (16 May 2008). ISSN 0167-6369
Abstract: Several studies indicate health problems among hairdressers to be related to their chemical exposure at work. The purpose of this study was to describe the exposure of chemical compounds in the air of Spanish hairdresser salons, and to study differences between salons in central and suburban areas. Ten hairdresser salons were examined for two days, by recording number and type of customers, ventilation and size of salon. Both stationary and personal borne samples for organic compounds were collected, as well as stationary samples of ammonia. TVOC was calculated. Air temperature, relative humidity, CO and CO2 were logged for 48 h in each salon. Fifty-six personal and 28 stationary samples were analysed for organic compounds. Thirty-five different air-borne compounds were found in the working environment of the hairdressers. All levels were well below the limit values in Spain and USA, both for ammonia and organic compounds. TVOC ranged from 48.37 mg/m3 to 237.60 mg/m3, meaning that many salons had levels above suggested comfort values of 25. There were only minor differences in exposure between central and suburban salons. No salons had ventilation systems, and the CO2 was increasing during the day. The exposure was higher for several chemical compounds when hair dying was performed. Hairdressers were exposed to low air levels of a large number of chemical substances mostly related to work related to hair dying. There were no differences between exposure levels in salons in central and suburban areas.
Sponsor: Instituto de la Mujer (Ministerio de Igualdad); Conselleria de Empresa, Universidad y Ciencia (Generalitat Valenciana).
ISSN: 0167-6369 (Print) | 1573-2959 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0338-y
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: The original publication is available at
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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