Evaluating relative accommodations in general binocular dysfunctions

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/9622
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Title: Evaluating relative accommodations in general binocular dysfunctions
Authors: García-Muñoz, Ángel | Cacho-Martínez, Pilar | Lara Lacarcel, Francisco
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Óptica, Farmacología y Anatomía | Universidad de Murcia. Departamento de Oftalmología, Otorrinolaringología y Anatomía Patológica
Keywords: Negative relative accommodation | Positive relative accommodation | General binocular dysfunctions
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública | Óptica
Date Created: 29-Aug-2001
Issue Date: 12-Dec-2002
Publisher: American Academy of Optometry | Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Citation: GARCÍA MUÑOZ, Ángel; CACHO MARTÍNEZ, Pilar; LARA LACARCEL, Francisco. "Evaluating relative accommodations in general binocular dysfunctions". Optometry and Vision Science. Vol. 79, No. 12 (Dec. 2002). ISSN 1040-5488, pp. 779-787
Abstract: Purpose. To examine the relationship between relative accommodation and general binocular disorders and to establish their importance in the diagnosis of these anomalies. Methods. We analyzed data of negative relative accommodation (NRA) and positive relative accommodation (PRA) in 69 patients with nonstrabismic binocular anomalies. Results. Statistical analysis showed that low values of NRA and PRA were not associated with any particular disorder. High values of PRA (>3.50 D) were related to the disorders associated with accommodative excess, whereas high values of NRA (>2.50 D) were not related to accommodative excess. Statistical differences suggested that a high value of PRA could distinguish between anomalies. Sensitivity analysis revealed that high PRA was the most sensitive sign in patients with convergence insufficiency combined with accommodative excess (0.89) and one of the most sensitive signs for subjects with accommodative excess (0.72) and for those with convergence excess combined with accommodative excess (0.70). Conclusions. Anomalous results of NRA were not clearly associated with any dysfunction. High values of PRA were related to disorders associated with accommodative excess, so the sign of a high value of PRA should be considered as one of the diagnostic signs of these anomalies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/9622
ISSN: 1040-5488 (Print) | 1538-9235 (Online)
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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