Setting the stage for school health-promoting programmes for Deaf children in Spain

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Title: Setting the stage for school health-promoting programmes for Deaf children in Spain
Authors: Muñoz Baell, Irma María | Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos | Ruiz-Cantero, María Teresa | Ferreiro Lago, Emilio | Aroca Fernández, Eva
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: School health promotion | Deaf children | Human rights | Community participation
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Date Created: 2007
Issue Date: Sep-2008
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: MUÑOZ BAELL, Irma M., et al. "Setting the stage for school health-promoting programmes for Deaf children in Spain". Health Promotion International. Vol. 23, No. 4 (Dec. 2008). ISSN 0957-4824, pp. 311-327
Abstract: Implementing health-promoting programmes for the most excluded and at-risk social groups forms a key part of any efforts to address underserved populations and reduce health inequalities in society. However, many at-risk children, particularly children in Deaf communities, are not reached, or are poorly served, by health-promoting programmes within the school setting. This is so because schools are effective as health-promoting environments for d/Deaf children only to the extent that they properly address their unique communication needs and ensure they are both able and enabled to learn in a communication-rich and supportive psycho-social environment. This article examines how the usually separate strands of school health promotion and d/Deaf education might be woven together and illustrates research with Deaf community members that involves them and gives their perspective. The primary objective of this study was to map Deaf pilot bilingual education programmes in Spain—one of the first countries to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (United Nations. (2006) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Resolution A/RES/61/106.)—with particular attention to their compliance to the Convention’s article 24. Following pre-testing, 516 key informants were surveyed by mail (response rate: 42.08%) by using a snowball key-informant approach, within a Participatory Action Research framework, at a national, regional and local level. The results show that although some schools have achieved recommended standards, bilingual programmes are in various stages of formulation and implementation and are far from being equally distributed across the country, with only four regions concentrating more than 70% of these practices. This uneven geographical distribution of programmes probably reflects more basic differences in the priority given by regions, provinces, and municipalities to the Deaf community’s needs and rights as an important policy objective and may reinforce or widen inequalities by favouring or discriminating rather than achieving access and equity for this noticeably overlooked community.
Sponsor: Spanish Medical Research Council (PI021068).
ISSN: 0957-4824 (Print) | 1460-2245 (Online)
DOI: 10.1093/heapro/dan026
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Health Promotion International following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version of this article is available online at:
Peer Review: si
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