What about Marine Renewable Energies in Spain?

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Title: What about Marine Renewable Energies in Spain?
Authors: Esteban Pérez, María Dolores | Espada, Juan Manuel | Ortega, José Marcos | López-Gutiérrez, José Santos | Negro, Vicente
Research Group/s: Durabilidad de Materiales y Construcciones en Ingeniería y Arquitectura
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Renewable energies | Ocean energy | Offshore wind | Wave | Tidal | Marine currents | Ocean thermal
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería de la Construcción
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Esteban MD, Espada JM, Ortega JM, López-Gutiérrez J-S, Negro V. What about Marine Renewable Energies in Spain? Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2019; 7(8):249. doi:10.3390/jmse7080249
Abstract: Renewable energies play a fundamental role within the current political and social framework for minimizing the impacts of climate change. The ocean has a vast potential for generating energy and therefore, the marine renewable energies are included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These energies include wave, tidal, marine currents, ocean thermal, and osmotic. Moreover, it can also be included wind, solar, geothermal and biomass powers, which their main use is onshore, but in the near future their use at sea may be considered. The manuscript starts with a state-of-the-art review of the abovementioned marine renewable energy resources worldwide. The paper continues with a case study focused on the Spanish coast, divided into six regions: (I) Cantabrian, (II) Galician, (III) South Atlantic, (IV) Canary Islands, (V) Southern Mediterranean, and (VI) Northern Mediterranean. The results show that: (1) areas I and II are suitable for offshore wind, wave and biomass; (2) areas III and V are suitable for offshore wind, marine current and offshore solar; area IV is suitable for offshore wind, ocean wave and offshore solar; (3) and area VI is suitable for offshore wind, osmotic and offshore solar. This analysis can help politicians and technicians to plan the use of these resources in Spain.
Sponsor: This research was funded by the Agustín de Betancourt Foundation (FAB).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/96027
ISSN: 2077-1312
DOI: 10.3390/jmse7080249
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse7080249
Appears in Collections:INV - DMCIA - Artículos de Revistas

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