The Hydrosocial Cycle in Coastal Tourist Destinations in Alicante, Spain: Increasing Resilience to Drought

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Title: The Hydrosocial Cycle in Coastal Tourist Destinations in Alicante, Spain: Increasing Resilience to Drought
Authors: Baños Castiñeira, Carlos Javier | Hernández-Hernández, María | Rico, Antonio | Olcina, Jorge
Research Group/s: Clima y Ordenación del Territorio | Planificación y Gestión Sostenible del Turismo | Agua y Territorio | Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España | Grupo de Investigación en Historia y Clima
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Water consumption | Hydrosocial cycle | Tourism destination | Resilience | Non-conventional water resources | Sustainable tourism | Overtourism | Shortage | Spain
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Baños CJ, Hernández M, Rico AM, Olcina J. The Hydrosocial Cycle in Coastal Tourist Destinations in Alicante, Spain: Increasing Resilience to Drought. Sustainability. 2019; 11(16):4494. doi:10.3390/su11164494
Abstract: Tourism, and particularly residential tourism, has led to a change in the urban and demographic model of towns along the European Mediterranean coastline. Water as a resource limited and limiting for the growth of tourism is a popular topic in the scientific literature. However, the incorporation of non-conventional resources (desalination) has meant, in theory, that this limitation has been overcome. The aims of this paper are: (a) to identify the different tourism models existing in coastal towns in Alicante province and characterize them according to their water consumption from 2002–2017; and (b) analyse the hydrosocial cycle, highlighting the measures aimed at satisfying water demand and identifying the limitations related to these hydrosocial systems. To this end, different types of information have been processed, and various basic indicators have been analysed. The results revealed the increase in the resilience of this region to natural aridity and drought events. This was possible because the demand management and the use of desalinated water. However, this has generated other problems associated (energetics, environmental) due to maintenance of a non-sustainable territorial model based on an accelerated real estate development.
Sponsor: This research was funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Spain), grant number CSO2015-65182-C2-2-P (“Uses and management of non-conventional water resources on the coast of Valencia and Murcia as an adaptation strategy to drought”).
ISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su11164494
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España - Artículos de Revistas
INV - HYC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas
INV - PGST - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas

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