Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia

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Title: Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia
Authors: Lillo-Crespo, Manuel | Forner-Ruiz, Mar | Riquelme-Galindo, Jorge | Ruiz-Fernandez, Daniel | Garcia-Sanjuan, Sofia
Research Group/s: Person-centred Care and Health Outcomes Innovation / Atención centrada en la persona e innovación en resultados de salud (PCC-HOI) | Calidad de Vida, Bienestar Psicológico y Salud | Ingeniería Bioinspirada e Informática para la Salud
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Tecnología Informática y Computación
Keywords: Dementia | Alzheimer disease | Chess | Protective factor | Scoping review
Knowledge Area: Enfermería | Arquitectura y Tecnología de Computadores
Issue Date: 14-Jun-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Lillo-Crespo M, Forner-Ruiz M, Riquelme-Galindo J, Ruiz-Fernández D, García-Sanjuan S. Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2116. doi:10.3390/ijerph16122116
Abstract: Background: dementia is one of the main causes of disability and dependency among the older population worldwide, producing physical, psychological, social and economic impact in those affected, caregivers, families and societies. However, little is known about dementia protective factors and their potential benefits against disease decline in the diagnosed population. Cognitive stimulating activities seem to be protective factors against dementia, though there is paucity in the scientific evidence confirming this, with most publications focusing on prevention in non-diagnosed people. A scoping review was conducted to explore whether chess practice could mitigate signs, deliver benefits, or improve cognitive capacities of individuals diagnosed with dementia through the available literature, and therefore act as a protective factor. Methods: twenty-one articles were selected after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: the overall findings stress that chess could lead to prevention in non-diagnosed populations, while little has been shown with respect to individuals already diagnosed. However, some authors suggest its capacity as a protective factor due to its benefits, and the evidence related to the cognitive functions associated with the game. Conclusion: although chess is indirectly assumed to be a protective factor due to its cognitive benefits, more studies are required to demonstrate, with strong evidence, whether chess could be a protective factor against dementia within the diagnosed population.
ISSN: 1661-7827 (Print) | 1660-4601 (Online)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16122116
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - PCC-HOI - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CV, BP Y S - Artículos de Revistas
INV - IBIS - Artículos de Revistas

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