PrOx catalysts for the combustion of soot generated in diesel engines: effect of CuO and 3DOM structures

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Title: PrOx catalysts for the combustion of soot generated in diesel engines: effect of CuO and 3DOM structures
Authors: Alcalde-Santiago, Virginia | Bailón-García, Esther | Davó-Quiñonero, Arantxa | Lozano-Castello, Dolores | Bueno López, Agustín
Research Group/s: Materiales Carbonosos y Medio Ambiente
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: PrOx catalysts | Combustion of soot generated | Diesel engines | CuO | 3DOM
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2019
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Catalysis Science & Technology. 2019, 9: 2553-2562. doi:10.1039/c9cy00130a
Abstract: PrOx and CuO/PrOx catalysts have been prepared with conventional (Ref) and three dimensionally ordered macroporous (3DOM) structures, and the effect of the structure on soot combustion has been studied. It has been demonstrated that the 3DOM structure significantly improves the catalytic combustion of soot with O2. The activity follows the trend PrOx-3DOM > CuO/PrOx-3DOM ∼ CuO/PrOx-Ref ≫ PrOx-Ref, which is explained considering two aspects: the production of active oxygen and its transfer from catalyst to soot. FESEM microscopy, N2 adsorption, Hg porosimetry and He density show that the 3DOM catalysts have ordered macroporosity with pores of 80 nm in diameter, which favors the carbon–catalyst contact. In addition, the 3DOM catalysts present higher surface density of active oxygen (Oads), which follows the trend CuO/PrOx-3DOM > PrOx-3DOM ∼ CuO/PrOx-Ref > PrOx-Ref. Consequently, the PrOx-3DOM catalyst combines a good production of active oxygen and an efficient transfer to soot, making it the most active catalyst to accelerate soot combustion. In contrast, PrOx-Ref is the least active since it is the least efficient in producing and transferring active oxygen. The impregnation of copper with the conventional support (CuO/PrOx-Ref) enhances the production and transfer of active oxygen, improving the activity with respect to PrOx-Ref. However, CuO blocks the porosity of the 3DOM support, hindering the contact with soot. Soot combustion is accelerated in the presence of NOx due to the production of NO2. This NO2, once produced, is mostly readsorbed on the surface of the catalysts producing active oxygen that must be transferred to soot. For this reason, the porosity of the catalysts also plays a relevant role during combustion with NOx/O2 because it affects the transfer of active oxygen produced by NO2 to soot.
Sponsor: The authors thank the financial support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Project CTQ2015-67597-C2-2-R and grant FJCI-2015-23769), the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports (grant FPU14/01178) and the UE (FEDER funding).
ISSN: 2044-4753 (Print) | 2044-4761 (Online)
DOI: 10.1039/c9cy00130a
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2019
Peer Review: si
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