Distributed Architectures for Intensive Urban Computing: A Case Study on Smart Lighting for Sustainable Cities

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/92089
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Title: Distributed Architectures for Intensive Urban Computing: A Case Study on Smart Lighting for Sustainable Cities
Authors: Mora, Higinio | Peral Cortés, Jesús | Ferrández, Antonio | Gil, David | Szymanski, Julian
Research Group/s: Informática Industrial y Redes de Computadores | Lucentia | Procesamiento del Lenguaje y Sistemas de Información (GPLSI)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Tecnología Informática y Computación | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos
Keywords: Mobile cloud computing | Data processing | Distributed architectures | Smart city | Urban computing
Knowledge Area: Arquitectura y Tecnología de Computadores | Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos
Issue Date: 3-May-2019
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Access. 2019, 7: 58449-58465. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2914613
Abstract: New information and communication technologies have contributed to the development of the smart city concept. On a physical level, this paradigm is characterized by deploying a substantial number of different devices that can sense their surroundings and generate a large amount of data. The most typical case is image and video acquisition sensors. Recently, these types of sensors are found in abundance in urban spaces and are responsible for producing a large volume of multimedia data. The advanced computer vision methods for this type of multimedia information means that many aspects can be dynamically monitored, which can help implement value-added applications in the city. However, obtaining more elaborate semantic information from these data poses significant challenges related to a large amount of data generated and the processing capabilities required. This paper aims to address these issues by using a combination of cloud computing technologies and mobile computing techniques to design a three-layer distributed architecture for intensive urban computing. The approach consists of distributing the processing tasks among a city’s multimedia acquisition devices, a middle computing layer, known as a cloudlet, and a cloud-computing infrastructure. As a result, each part of the architecture can now focus on a small number of tasks for which they are specially designed, and data transmission communication needs are significantly reduced. To this end, the cloud server can hold and centralize the multimedia analysis of the processed results from the lower layers. Finally, a case study on smart lighting is described to illustrate the benefits of using the proposed model in smart city environments.
Sponsor: This work was supported in part by the Spanish Research Agency (AEI) and the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) through the project CloudDriver4Industry under Grant TIN2017-89266-R, in part by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities through the Project ECLIPSE-UA under Grant RTI2018-094283-B-C32, and in part by the Conselleria de Educación, Investigación, Cultura y Deporte of the Community of Valencia, Spain, within the Program of Support for Research under Project AICO/2017/134 and Project PROMETEO/2018/089.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/92089
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2914613
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 IEEE. Translations and content mining are permitted for academic research only. Personal use is also permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2914613
Appears in Collections:INV - I2RC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - GPLSI - Artículos de Revistas
INV - LUCENTIA - Artículos de Revistas

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