Pipe replacement by age only, how misleading could it be?

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Title: Pipe replacement by age only, how misleading could it be?
Authors: Pardo Picazo, Miguel Ángel | Valdes-Abellan, Javier
Research Group/s: Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental (IngHA) | Tecnología de Materiales y Territorio (TECMATER)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Economic prioritization | Energy efficiency | Leakage | Pipe replacement | Water efficiency
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Hidráulica
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Citation: Water Science & Technology: Water Supply. 2018, 19(3): 846-854. doi:10.2166/ws.2018.131
Abstract: Traditional methods for prioritizing the renewal of water are based on heuristic models, such as the number of breaks per length, rule-of-thumb, and records held by the water utility companies. Efficient management of water distribution networks involves factoring in water and energy losses as the key criteria for planning pipe renewal. Prioritizing the replacement of a pipe according to the highest value of unit headloss due to ageing does not consider the impact on water and energy consumption for the whole network. Thus, this paper proposes a methodology to prioritize pipe replacement according to water and energy savings per monetary unit invested – economic prioritization. This renewal plan shows different results if comparing with replacing pipelines with regard to age and it requires calculating water and energy audits of the water distribution networks. Moreover, the required time to recover the investment performed needs to be calculated. The methodology proposed in this work is compared with the unit headloss criterion used in a real water-pressurized network. The results demonstrate that using the unit headloss criterion neither water, energy nor the investment is optimized. Significant water and energy savings are not fully exploited.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the research project ‘GESAEN’ through the 2016 call of the Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación de la Universidad de Alicante GRE-16-08. The translation of this paper has been funded by the Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Alicante.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/91692
ISSN: 1606-9749 (Print) | 1607-0798 (Online)
DOI: 10.2166/ws.2018.131
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © IWA Publishing 2018
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2018.131
Appears in Collections:INV - IngHA - Artículos de Revistas
INV - TECMATER - Artículos de Revistas

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