Design and Application of Project-Based Learning Methodologies for Small Groups Within Computer Fundamentals Subjects

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Title: Design and Application of Project-Based Learning Methodologies for Small Groups Within Computer Fundamentals Subjects
Authors: Sanchez-Romero, Jose-Luis | Jimeno-Morenilla, Antonio | Pertegal-Felices, María Luisa | Mora, Higinio
Research Group/s: UniCAD: Grupo de investigación en CAD/CAM/CAE de la Universidad de Alicante | Habilidades, Competencias e Instrucción | Investigación en Inteligencias, Competencia Social y Educación (SOCEDU) | Informática Industrial y Redes de Computadores
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Tecnología Informática y Computación | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Didáctica
Keywords: Project based learning | Flipped classroom | Computer engineering | High academic achievement | Core subjects
Knowledge Area: Arquitectura y Tecnología de Computadores | Didáctica y Organización Escolar
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2019
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Access. 2019, 7: 12456-12466. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2893972
Abstract: In higher education, it is usual to separate the theoretical contents from the practical ones and use teacher-centered methodologies. This fact makes students lose motivation due to the lack of connection with real professional tasks. Conversely, student-centered learning methods, such as project-based learning (PBL) or flipped classroom, aim to integrate both theoretical and practical contents and to apply them on real-world problems, thus increasing the students’ motivation and involvement. These methodologies are usually applied in the last years of a degree, but it is difficult to find them in basic first-year subjects. The aim of this paper consists in assessing the application of a PBL methodology in the first-year subjects of computer engineering. This methodological change aims to achieve a significant improvement in the students’ learning achievement of the core subject computer fundamentals. The project involved in the PBL proposal consists of developing a portable calculator. The performance of the PBL group is compared with that of other groups with a traditional, teacher-centered learning system. The evolution of the knowledge acquisition is determined by means of an initial evaluation and a final assessment after developing the project. An exhaustive statistical analysis is performed so as to evaluate the PBL application. Quantitative results show a significant improvement in the experimental group marks, which increased by up to 20% compared to the control groups. As a conclusion, applying PBL and flipped classroom engaged students within the subject, thus achieving a deeper understanding of its theoretical concepts.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the I3CE Network Program of research in university teaching at the Institute of Educational Sciences of the University of Alicante (ICE call 2018-19) under Grant 4331.
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2893972
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2019 IEEE. Translations and content mining are permitted for academic research only. Personal use is also permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - I2RC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SOCEDU - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Habilidades, Competencias e Instrucción - Artículos de Revistas
INV - UNICAD - Artículos de Revistas

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