Low Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Isolated Adolescents: The Mediation Effects of Stress

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Title: Low Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Isolated Adolescents: The Mediation Effects of Stress
Authors: Ferrer-Cascales, Rosario | Albaladejo-Blázquez, Natalia | Ruiz-Robledillo, Nicolás | Rubio-Aparicio, María | Laguna-Pérez, Ana | Zaragoza Martí, Ana
Research Group/s: Psicología Aplicada a la Salud y Comportamiento Humano (PSYBHE) | Salud Pública | Informática Industrial y Redes de Computadores
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología de la Salud | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería
Keywords: Mediterranean Diet | Loneliness | Stress | Adolescence
Knowledge Area: Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico | Enfermería
Issue Date: 3-Dec-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Ferrer-Cascales R, Albaladejo-Blázquez N, Ruiz-Robledillo N, Rubio-Aparicio M, Laguna-Pérez A, Zaragoza-Martí A. Low Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Isolated Adolescents: The Mediation Effects of Stress. Nutrients. 2018; 10(12):1894. doi:10.3390/nu10121894
Abstract: Loneliness perception during adolescence has been increased dramatically in recent years. Changes in lifestyle and difficulties in social interaction could explain this increased phenomenon. As described in previous research, this fact has been associated with the development of high stress levels and dysfunctional lifestyles, in which eating habits play a main role. In this regard, loneliness has been classically associated with poor eating habits, fundamentally the consumption of processed food with little nutritional value. However, the relationship between loneliness and healthy eating patterns, such as the Mediterranean Diet (MD), has not been previously analyzed. The main aim of the present study was to identify the relationship between perceived loneliness, stress, dietary habits, and adherence to the MD in a sample of 527 Spanish adolescents. The obtained results show a significant association between high perceived loneliness and high stress levels with lower MD adherence. Hence, adolescents with high perceived loneliness exhibit poor dietary habits in comparison to those counterparts with low perceived loneliness. Mediation analyses demonstrated an indirect effect of the loneliness on adherence to the MD through the mediation effect of stress. These findings point out a possible mechanism that underlies the classic association between loneliness and health deterioration, based on a poor adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, such as the MD.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the Spanish State Research Agency (AEI) and the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) under project TIN2017-89069-R.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/84609
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu10121894
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121894
Appears in Collections:INV - PSYBHE - Artículos de Revistas
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - I2RC - Artículos de Revistas

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