Effects of functional resistance training on fitness and quality of life in females with chronic nonspecific low-back pain

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Title: Effects of functional resistance training on fitness and quality of life in females with chronic nonspecific low-back pain
Authors: Cortell-Tormo, Juan M. | Tercedor Sánchez, Pablo | Chulvi Medrano, Iván | Tortosa Martínez, Juan | Manchado, Carmen | Llana Belloch, Salvador | Pérez-Soriano, Pedro
Research Group/s: Research in Physical Education, Fitness and Performance (RIPEFAP)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Didáctica General y Didácticas Específicas
Keywords: Resistance training | Disability | Therapy | Pain | Exercise | Women
Knowledge Area: Educación Física y Deportiva
Issue Date: 6-Feb-2018
Publisher: IOS Press
Citation: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 2018, 31(1): 95-105. doi:10.3233/BMR-169684
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Exercise is important as adjuvant in the chronic low back pain (CLBP) treatment. Functional training could involve benefits for low back pain (LBP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 12-week period of functional resistance training on health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, body pain, and physical fitness in CLBP females. METHODS: Nineteen females CLBP were recruited according to Paris Task Force on Back Pain criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG); and a control group (CG). Subjects were tested at baseline and at week 12 after 24 sessions, 2 days per week. Body pain was assessed using visual analog scale (VAS), disability with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and HRQOL with Short Form 36 questionnaire. Physical fitness was measured using: flamingo test, back endurance test, side bridge test, abdominal curl-up tests, and 60-s squat test. RESULTS: EG showed significant improvements in physical function (10%; p< 0.05), body pain (42%; p< 0.05), vitality (31%; p< 0.05), physical component scale (15%; p< 0.05), VAS (62.5%; p< 0.01), ODI (61.3%; p< 0.05), balance (58%; p< 0.05), curl-up (83%; p< 0.01), squat (22%; p< 0.01), static back (67%; p< 0.01), and side bridge (56%; p< 0.01). CONCLUSION: Periodized functional resistance training decreased pain and disability and improved HRQOL, balance and physical fitness in females with CLBP, and can thus be used safely in this population.
Sponsor: This study was supported by grant: DEP2011-30009-C02-01 from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/83827
ISSN: 1053-8127 (Print) | 1878-6324 (Online)
DOI: 10.3233/BMR-169684
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 – IOS Press and the authors
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3233/BMR-169684
Appears in Collections:INV - RIPEFAP - Artículos de Revistas

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