Assessing the influence of working hours on general health by migrant status and family structure: the case of Ecuadorian-, Colombian-, and Spanish-born workers in Spain

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Title: Assessing the influence of working hours on general health by migrant status and family structure: the case of Ecuadorian-, Colombian-, and Spanish-born workers in Spain
Authors: Cayuela, Ana | Martínez Martínez, José Miguel | Ronda-Pérez, Elena | Delclos, George L. | Conway, Sadie H.
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Immigrant workers | Family | Working Hours | Occupational health | Self-reported health
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Public Health. 2018, 163: 27-34. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2018.06.013
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between working hours (WHs) and the likelihood of poor self-reported general health (SRGH) in the first data wave from a cohort of immigrant and native workers in Spain. Study design: Cross-sectional analyses from a prospective cohort study. Methods: Data were drawn from the first wave of the Platform of Longitudinal Studies on Immigrant Families. The selected sample was composed of 217 immigrant workers and 89 native-born workers. We explored differences by immigrant status and family structure, assessing prevalences and Poisson regression models; an additional analysis explored statistically optimized work hour cut points. Results: Highest prevalence of poor SRGH (72.7%) was reported by immigrant, single-parent workers working >40 WH/week. Immigrant single-parent families were more likely to report poor SRGH for three WH categories: ≤20 WH/week (prevalence ratio [PR] = 3.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6–7.2), >30-≤40 WH/week (PR = 2.8, 95% CI 1.3–6.4), and >40 WH/week (PR = 4.2, 95% CI 1.8–10.1). In two-parent families, immigrants working standard hours (i.e. >30-≤40) and native-born workers in the highest and lowest categories of WHs (i.e. ≤20 and >40) had similar PRs for poor SRGH compared with native-born workers working standard hours. Findings suggested that native-born workers residing in two-parent families were able to work more than 10 h longer per week than immigrant workers before reporting equivalent prevalences of poor SRGH. Conclusions: Differences in the association of WHs and poor SRGH among immigrants in Spain seem to be explained by family structure, which suggests that the influence of WHs on health differentially affects vulnerable groups, such as immigrant workers residing in single-parent families.
Sponsor: Funding came from PI14/01146, funded by the Carlos III Health Institute, as an intermediate body of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the European Social Fund (ESF). In addition, Ana Cayuela received the grant ‘Vice-chancellor for research awards for development and promotion and innovation of the University of Alicante’ (ATI15-02).
ISSN: 0033-3506 (Print) | 1476-5616 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2018.06.013
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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