Adaptation Strategies of the Hydrosocial Cycles in the Mediterranean Region

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Title: Adaptation Strategies of the Hydrosocial Cycles in the Mediterranean Region
Authors: Arahuetes Hidalgo, Ana | Hernández Hernández, María | Rico, Antonio
Research Group/s: Agua y Territorio | Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España | Clima y Ordenación del Territorio
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Interuniversitario de Geografía
Keywords: Water deficit | Hydrosocial cycles | Adaptation | Diversification | Non-conventional resources | Mediterranean regions
Knowledge Area: Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Arahuetes A, Hernández M, Rico AM. Adaptation Strategies of the Hydrosocial Cycles in the Mediterranean Region. Water. 2018; 10(6):790. doi:10.3390/w10060790
Abstract: The Spanish Mediterranean region has been affected by several factors over the years (climatic conditions of aridity, high water demands, rapid and intense urban and population growth, climate change), that have generated a negative water balance whereby water resources are unable to meet the demand. Diversifying supply sources by resorting to new resources has been a necessity that has stimulated the expansion and integration of non-conventional water sources (desalination and reuse of reclaimed water) and sustainable solutions. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the adaptation strategies that have been developed in Alicante, Benidorm and Torrevieja in order to adjust their hydrosocial cycles to development and future scenarios. The theoretical analysis developed in this paper is corroborated by the study of the hydrosocial cycle evolution of three cities in the southeast of Spain, and the adaptive measures that the different stakeholders involved in the cycle have developed in each of them. The input and output of the systems are accounted for with information provided by the management companies in each of the phases (urban consumption; treated, reused and desalinated volumes), which highlight how the diversification of resources and the incorporation of non-conventional resources have been essential for adaptation.
Sponsor: The project “Use and Management of non-conventional water resources on the coast of the regions of Valencia and Murcia as a drought adaptation strategy” (CSO2015-65182-CS-2-P) is funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w10060790
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España - Artículos de Revistas
INV - CyOT - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas

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