Intimate partner violence against young women: prevalence and associated factors in Europe

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Title: Intimate partner violence against young women: prevalence and associated factors in Europe
Authors: Sanz-Barbero, Belen | López Pereira, Patricia | Barrio, Gregorio | Vives-Cases, Carmen
Research Group/s: Salud Pública | Investigación en Género (IG)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Intimate partner violence | Young women | Prevalence | Associated factors | Europe
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 8-Mar-2018
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2018, 72: 611-616. doi:10.1136/jech-2017-209701
Abstract: Background The magnitude of intimate partner violence (IPV) in young women is a source of increasing concern. The prevalence of IPV has not been analysed in Europe as a whole. The objective was to assess the prevalence and main characteristics of experiencing physical and/or sexual and psychological-only IPV among young women in the European Union and to identify individual and contextual associated risk factors. Methods We analysed a cross-sectional subsample of 5976 ever-partnered women aged 18–29 years from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Violence Against Women Survey, 2012. The main outcomes were current physical and/or sexual IPV and lifetime psychological-only IPV. Risk factors were assessed by the prevalence ratio (PR) from multilevel Poisson regression models. Results Current prevalence of physical and/or sexual IPV was 6.1%, lifetime prevalence of psychological-only IPV was 28.7%. Having suffered physical and/or sexual abuse by an adult before age 15 was the strongest risk factor for IPV (PR: 2.9 for physical and/or sexual IPV, PR: 1.5 for psychological-only IPV). Other individual risk factors were: perceived major difficulties in living within their household income (PR: 2.6), having children (PR: 1.8) and age 18–24 years (PR: 1.5) for physical/sexual IPV and immigration background for psychological-only IPV (PR: 1.4). Living in countries with a higher prevalence of binge drinking or early school dropout was positively associated with IPV. Conclusions Findings show that the fight against violence in young women should consider individual characteristics, childhood experiences of abuse and also structural interventions including reduction of alcohol consumption and improvement in the education-related indicators.
Sponsor: This paper was partially supported by the ISCIII Network on Addictive Disorders (Networks for Cooperative Research in the Carlos III Health Institute) (grant numbers RD16/0017/0013 and RD12/0028/0018).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/76568
ISSN: 0143-005X (Print) | 1470-2738 (Online)
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2017-209701
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2017-209701
Appears in Collections:INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones
INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas

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