Candidate Oil Spill Detection in SLAR Data: A Recurrent Neural Network-based Approach

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Title: Candidate Oil Spill Detection in SLAR Data: A Recurrent Neural Network-based Approach
Authors: Oprea, Sergiu | Gil, Pablo | Mira Martínez, Damián | Alacid Soto, Beatriz
Research Group/s: Automática, Robótica y Visión Artificial
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Investigación Informática
Keywords: Oil Spill Detection | Maritime Surveillance | SLAR Remote Sensing | RNN | LSTM | Classification
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería de Sistemas y Automática
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2017
Publisher: SciTePress
Citation: Oprea, Sergiu-Ovidiu, et al. (2017). “Candidate Oil Spill Detection in SLAR Data: A Recurrent Neural Network-based Approach”. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods (ICPRAM 2017), 372-377. doi:10.5220/0006187103720377
Abstract: Intentional oil pollution damages marine ecosystems. Therefore, society and governments require maritime surveillance for early oil spill detection. The fast response in the detection process helps to identify the offenders in the vast majority of cases. Nowadays, it is a human operator whom is trained for carrying out oil spill detection. Operators usually use image processing techniques and data analysis from optical, thermal or radar acquired from aerial vehicles or spatial satellites. The current trend is to automate the oil spill detection process so that this can filter candidate oil spill from an aircraft as a decision support system for human operators. In this work, a robust and automated system for candidate oil spill based on Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) is presented. The aim is to provide a faster identification of the candidate oil spills from SLAR scanned sequences. So far, the majority of the research works about oil spill detection are focused on the classification b etween real oil spills and look-alikes, and they use SAR or optical images but not SLAR. Furthermore, the overall decision is usually taken by an operator in the research works of state-of-art, mainly due to the wide variety of types of look-alikes which cause false positives in the detection process when traditional NN are used. This work provides a RRN-based approach for candidate oil spill detection using SLAR data in contrast with the traditional Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MPNN). The system is tested with temporary data acquired from a SLAR sensor mounted on an aircraft. It achieves a success rate in detecting of 97%.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the research project ONTIME (RTC-2014-1863-8).
ISBN: 978-989-758-222-6
DOI: 10.5220/0006187103720377
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Rights: © 2017 by SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Lda.
Peer Review: si
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