Aggression Profiles in the Spanish Child Population: Differences in Perfectionism, School Refusal and Affect

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Title: Aggression Profiles in the Spanish Child Population: Differences in Perfectionism, School Refusal and Affect
Authors: Vicent, María | Inglés, Cándido J. | Sanmartín, Ricardo | Gonzálvez, Carolina | García-Fernández, José Manuel
Research Group/s: Investigación en Inteligencias, Competencia Social y Educación (SOCEDU)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Didáctica
Keywords: Aggressive behavior | Profiles | Childhood | Socially prescribed perfectionism | Self-oriented perfectionism | School refusal | Positive affect | Negative affect
Knowledge Area: Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación
Issue Date: 30-Jan-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Vicent M, Inglés CJ, Sanmartín R, Gonzálvez C and García-Fernández JM (2018) Aggression Profiles in the Spanish Child Population: Differences in Perfectionism, School Refusal and Affect. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 12:12. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00012
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify the existence of combinations of aggression components (Anger, Hostility, Physical Aggression and Verbal Aggression) that result in different profiles of aggressive behavior in children, as well as to test the differences between these profiles in scores of perfectionism, school refusal and affect. It is interesting to analyze these variables given: (a) their clinical relevance due to their close relationship with the overall psychopathology; and (b) the need for further evidence regarding how they are associated with aggressive behavior. The sample consisted of 1202 Spanish primary education students between the ages of 8 and 12. Three aggressive behavior profiles for children were identified using Latent Class Analysis (LCA): High Aggression (Z scores between 0.69 and 0.7), Moderate Aggression (Z scores between −0.39 and −0.47) and Low Aggression (Z scores between −1.36 and −1.58). These profiles were found for 49.08%, 38.46% and 12.48% of the sample, respectively. High Aggression scored significantly higher than Moderate Aggression and Low Aggression on Socially Prescribed Perfectionism (SPP), Self-Oriented Perfectionism (SOP), the first three factors of school refusal (i.e., FI. Negative Affective, FII. Social Aversion and/or Evaluation, FIII. To Pursue Attention), and Negative Affect (NA). In addition, Moderate Aggression also reported significantly higher scores than Low Aggression for the three first factors of school refusal and NA. Conversely, Low Aggression had significantly higher mean scores than High Aggression and Moderate Aggression on Positive Affect (PA). Results demonstrate that High Aggression was the most maladaptive profile having a high risk of psychological vulnerability. Aggression prevention programs should be sure to include strategies to overcome psychological problems that characterize children manifesting high levels of aggressive behavior.
Sponsor: Part of this investigation is supported by a project of the Vice-Rectorate of Research and Knowledge Transference of the University of Alicante (GRE16-07), awarded to the fourth author and a project of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (EDU2012-35124) awarded to the fifth author.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/73053
ISSN: 1662-5153
DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00012
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2018 Vicent, Inglés, Sanmartín, Gonzálvez and García-Fernández. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00012
Appears in Collections:INV - SOCEDU - Artículos de Revistas

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