Characterization of motivation and type of physical-sport practice in adults through COMPASS profiles

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Title: Characterization of motivation and type of physical-sport practice in adults through COMPASS profiles
Authors: Chacón-Cuberos, Ramón | Chacón-Borrego, Fátima | Zurita-Ortega, Félix | Cachón, Javier | Zagalaz Sánchez, María Luisa | Chinchilla Mira, Juan José
Research Group/s: Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte (GICAFD)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Didáctica General y Didácticas Específicas
Keywords: Physical activity | Sport | COMPASS profiles | Adulthood | Motivation
Knowledge Area: Educación Física y Deportiva | Didáctica de la Expresión Corporal
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Universidad de Alicante. Área de Educación Física y Deporte
Citation: Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2018, 13(1): 161-173. doi:10.14198/jhse.2018.131.16
Abstract: Physical Activity and Sport Practice (PASP) have grown in popularity in last years given its positive effects at physiological, social, cognitive and emotional level. Several researches have studied the main motivations involved in PASP using the Self-Determination Theory, highlighting the importance of intrinsic and extrinsic reasons. This descriptive and cross sectional study aims to establish the main motivations involved in physical activity and to identify its association with the sport profiles proposed by COMPASS project (2000). The research was conducted with a sample of 1002 adults (a 53% is female and a 47% is male) from Sevilla ( = 45.35 years old; SD = 17.96), using the C-PAFYD questionnaire with a reliability of α = .84. The results show that profile 1 (competitive and intensive) comprises intrinsic and extrinsic motivations such as hedonism, desire of competition and to achieve a sport career, while profile 2 is oriented towards least self-determined motivations as health improving. In addition, these participants do physical activity alone or with co-workers. The profiles 3 and 4 (regular and non-organized physical activity) are related to motivations of social and ludic type. In fact, this sport practice is mainly done with friends and peers in public places. Finally, profiles 5 and 6, which are associated with an irregular and occasional PASP, manifested extrinsic motivations such as disease prevention.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.131.16 | http://hdl.handle.net/10045/72462
ISSN: 1988-5202
DOI: 10.14198/jhse.2018.131.16
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://www.jhse.ua.es/
Appears in Collections:Revistas - Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2018, Vol. 13, No. 1
INV - GICAFD - Artículos de Revistas

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