Comparative analysis of dietary guidelines for Spain

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Title: Comparative analysis of dietary guidelines for Spain
Other Titles: Сравнительный анализ сборников диетологических рекомендаций, Испания
Authors: López-Briones Reverte, Carmen | Zurriaga, Óscar | Bernabeu-Mestre, Josep | Barona, Carmen
Research Group/s: Grupo Balmis de Investigación en Salud Comunitaria e Historia de la Ciencia
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: CINDI – WHO | Dietary guidelines | Dietary policies | Food habits | Health promotion
Knowledge Area: Historia de la Ciencia
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Publisher: World Health Organization
Citation: Public Health Panorama. 2017, 3(4): 799-818
Abstract: Background: In Spain, the incidence of obesity and noncommunicable diseases continues to rise, despite the attempts of health institutions to redirect the population towards a healthier nutritional model by adopting nutrition strategies and dietary guidelines. This study analyses the advice of Spanish dietary guidelines on daily food intake. Methods: A comparative study of the content of 18 Spanish dietary guidelines was performed using the WHO Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention (CINDI) programme’s dietary guide as the gold standard. Results: There is evidence that contents differ among dietary guidelines: not all include the CINDI 12 steps to healthy eating and 72% ignore the recommendation for a “varied diet based mainly on plant foods”. The advice is often not easy to follow: only one of the 18 guidelines includes household measures; most do not recommend specific foods; 73% do not mention which foods should be included in a balanced diet; and 61% do not define fatty foods. Other differences relate to serving size, food quantification, units used and recommended amounts. Conclusions: This paper describes the variations among Spanish dietary guidelines that might lead individuals to develop a mistaken concept of what healthy eating is.
ISSN: 2412-544X
Language: eng | rus
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © World Health Organization 2017. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO License
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - BISCHA - Artículos de Revistas

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