A case study of identify importance of land use planning in road safety, Benidorm

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Title: A case study of identify importance of land use planning in road safety, Benidorm
Authors: Casares Blanco, Jairo | Sánchez Galiano, Juan Carlos | Fernández-Aracil, Patricia | Ortuño Padilla, Armando
Research Group/s: Ingeniería del Transporte, Territorio y Medio Litoral (AORTA) | Economía de la Vivienda y Sector Inmobiliario (ECOVISI)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Edificación y Urbanismo | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario del Agua y las Ciencias Ambientales
Keywords: Road safety | Urban planning | Benidorm
Knowledge Area: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio | Ingeniería e Infraestructura de los Transportes
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Universitat Politècnica de València. Departamento de Ingeniería e Infraestructura del Transporte
Citation: Casares Blanco, Jairo, et al. “A case study of identify importance of land use planning in road safety, Benidorm”. En: Colomer Ferrándiz, José V.; Insa Franco, Ricardo; Ruiz Sánchez, Tomás (eds). XII Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte, 7, 8 y 9 de Junio Valencia (España): Libro de actas / Proceedings. València: Departamento de Ingeniería e Infraestructura del Transporte, Universitat Politècnica de València, 2016. ISBN 978-84-608-9960-0, pp. 1701-1708
Abstract: This research analyses how urban form, land use and urban density, may influence the incidence of traffic-related crashes injuries and deaths. It begins with a theoretical overview of studies which deal with the study of the relationship between urban patterns and road safety. Next, it details the development of a database of crash incidence and urban form at the district level for the city of Benidorm (Alicante, Spain) in 2010. Subsequently, it is developed a negative binomial approach for intra-city motor vehicle crash analysis. One-year crash data for Benidorm (the fourth largest tourism destination of Spain, after Barcelona, Madrid and San Bartolomé de Tirajana, and exclusively tourist-oriented city) are analyzed using a geographic information system (GIS) to generate relevant inputs for the analysis. In general, the study finds that a strong land use mix results on fewer road accidents, whereas accidents are more common but less severe in areas of high urban density. Finally, pedestrian accidents research showed that rural and low density environment is related to an important road accident numbers unlike tourism-oriented zones, much more safe for them. Based on these findings, the paper discusses the implications for urban design practice.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/71646
ISBN: 978-84-608-9960-0
DOI: 10.4995/CIT2016.2016.3429
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.3429
Appears in Collections:INV - AORTA - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.
INV - ECOVISI - Comunicaciones a Congresos, Conferencias, etc.

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