Hydroxyurea electrooxidation at gold electrodes. In situ infrared spectroelectrochemical and DFT characterization of adsorbed intermediates

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Title: Hydroxyurea electrooxidation at gold electrodes. In situ infrared spectroelectrochemical and DFT characterization of adsorbed intermediates
Authors: Cheuquepán, William | Orts Mateo, José M. | Rodes García, Antonio
Research Group/s: Grupo de Espectroelectroquímica y Modelización (GEM)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica
Keywords: Au(111) | Au(100) | Gold thin film | Hydroxyurea electrooxidation | IRRAS | ATR-SEIRAS
Knowledge Area: Química Física
Issue Date: 20-Aug-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Electrochimica Acta. 2017, 246: 951-962. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.06.091
Abstract: The oxidation of hydroxyurea (H2NCONHOH, HU) at Au(100), Au(111) and Au(111)–25 nm thin film electrodes is studied spectroelectrochemically in perchloric acid solutions. HU, which in agreement with DFT results interacts weakly with the gold surfaces, oxidizes irreversibly at gold electrodes irrespective of the surface orientation. The in situ infrared external reflection spectra prove the formation of dissolved carbon dioxide and adsorbed cyanate as products of the HU electrooxidation reaction. A band at ca. 2230 cm−1 can be related both to dissolved isocyanic acid coming from the protonation of adsorbed cyanate or to nitrous oxide coming from the oxidation of hydroxylamine, which is formed (together with adsorbed cyanate) upon the chemical decomposition of hydroxyurea. ATR-SEIRAS experiments allow the observation of other adsorbate bands that can be tentatively ascribed to reaction intermediates that conserve the NCN skeleton and are bonded to the metal by the nitrogen atoms at near on-top positions. Bonding to the surface can be either unidentate or bidentate, involving covalent-type bonds or dative bonding through the lone pairs of the N atoms. Some of the signals of the experimental spectra, in particular those appearing around 1800 cm−1, can be assigned to the CO stretch of adsorbed intermediates having a nitrosyl group formed by oxidation of the NOH moiety (namely, adsorbed nitrosoformamide or its deprotonated form). The bands observed around 1650 cm−1 can correspond either to the NO stretching mode of the former species or to the CO stretching modes of adspecies conserving the NOH group.
Sponsor: The authors acknowledge the funding by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad through projectsCTQ2016-76221-P (AIE/FEDER, UE) and CTQ2016-76231-C2-2-R (AEI/FEDER, UE) and by the University of Alicante (VIGROB-263). William Cheuquepán is grateful for the award of a F.P.I. grant associated to project CTQ2009-13142.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/68000
ISSN: 0013-4686 (Print) | 1873-3859 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.06.091
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2017.06.091
Appears in Collections:INV - GEM - Artículos de Revistas

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