TGA–FTIR study of the thermal and SBA-15-catalytic pyrolysis of potassium citrate under nitrogen and air atmospheres

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Title: TGA–FTIR study of the thermal and SBA-15-catalytic pyrolysis of potassium citrate under nitrogen and air atmospheres
Authors: Marcilla, Antonio | Gómez-Siurana, Amparo | Beltrán, M.I. | Berenguer Muñoz, Deseada | Martínez Castellanos, Isabel | Blasco López, Inmaculada
Research Group/s: Procesado y Pirólisis de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería de los Procesos Químicos
Keywords: Potassium citrate | SBA-15 | Pyrolysis | Mesoporous catalyst | TGA-FTIR
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 2017, 125: 144-152. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2017.04.007
Abstract: In this work, the thermal and SBA-15 catalytic pyrolysis of potassium citrate has been studied by TGA/FTIR. According to the TGA results, in the absence of a catalyst, a decomposition mechanism based on a sequence of four consecutive reactions is proposed, yielding a solid residue plus potassium carbonate, which at temperatures of 650 °C evolves towards the formation of microporous activated carbons. The reaction scheme in an air atmosphere is quite similar, with the only exception of additional oxidation steps. As a general rule, the presence of SBA-15 as a catalyst seems to reduce the number of decomposition steps and to inhibit the last stages of the formation of porous carbons. The proposed mechanisms are in good agreement with the FTIR analysis of the evolution of the gases evolved at each temperature, as well as with the endothermic or exothermic character of the heat flow involved. A different way to interpret and compare the FTIR intensity data is proposed, which is complementary to the usual analysis based on the normalization with respect to the total amount of sample and permits us to more clearly interpret the role of the catalyst at each temperature. This type of analysis shows that the catalyst actually decreases the yields of volatile compounds obtained at each temperature, and enhances the true effect of the catalyst on the composition of the gases evolved at each temperature.
Sponsor: Financial support for this investigation has been provided by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (CTQ2015-70726-P) and the Generalitat Valenciana (PROMETEO2016-056).
ISSN: 0165-2370 (Print) | 1873-250X (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2017.04.007
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - GTP3 - Artículos de Investigación sobre Pirólisis Catalítica de Polímeros

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