7-Keto-cholesterol and 25-hydroxy-1 cholesterol rapidly enhance ROS production in human neutrophils

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Title: 7-Keto-cholesterol and 25-hydroxy-1 cholesterol rapidly enhance ROS production in human neutrophils
Authors: Alba Jiménez, Gonzalo | Reyes Quiroz, María Edith | Saenz, Javier | Geniz, Isabel | Jiménez Carrasco, Juan | Martín-Nieto, José | Pintado Sanjuan, Elizabeth | Sobrino Beneyto, Francisco | Santa María Pérez, Consuelo
Research Group/s: Genética Humana y de Mamíferos (GHM)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiología
Keywords: Oxysterols | Neutrophils | Radical oxygen species | Lipid metabolism | Hemoxygenase-1
Knowledge Area: Genética
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Citation: European Journal of Nutrition. 2016, 55(8): 2485-2492. doi:10.1007/s00394-015-1142-4
Abstract: Purpose. Oxysterols are cholesterol-oxygenated derivatives generated in the organism and also present in foods because of cholesterol oxidation during processing and storage. They are the natural ligands of liver X receptors (LXRs) and are generally recognized as hypocholesterolemic and anti-inflammatory molecules although this latter property is still controversial. Most oxysterol studies have been performed in macrophages, whereas the effects of oxysterols in neutrophils are poorly known. In this study, human neutrophils were exposed to two different oxysterols, 7-keto-cholesterol (7-k-chol) and 25-hydroxy-cholesterol (25-OH-chol), and their possible participation in inflammatory process was evaluated. Methods. Human neutrophils were incubated with 7-k-chol and 25-OH-chol, and ROS production, translocation of the NADPH oxidase cytosolic components, hemoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and lysozyme secretion were analyzed. Results. An increase in ROS production was observed within a short period of time (minutes) with both molecules. These oxysterols also stimulated the cellular membrane translocation of the NADPH oxidase cytosolic components, p47phox and p67phox. On the other hand, HO-1 expression, a cytoprotector enzyme, is inhibited in human neutrophils upon oxysterols treatment. Moreover, both oxysterols were associated with high lysozyme enzyme secretion at 5 and 18 h of incubation. Conclusions. The present paper describes for the first time that two oxysterols (7-k-chol and 25-OH-chol) enhance the ROS production within a short period of time in human neutrophils, stimulate the translocation of the cytosolic components of NADPH oxidase to the cellular membrane and increase lysozyme secretion. These data suggest that both oxysterols are able to activate pro-inflammatory effects in human neutrophils which contrasts with the role assigned to the oxysterols when they act through LXR at long time of incubation.
Sponsor: M.E.R-Q was supported by a fellowship from the Asociación Virgen Macarena, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla. G.A. was supported by fellowships from the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (BFU2006-13802) and the Consejería de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Junta de Andalucía (P08-CVI-03550). This work was funded by Grants from the latter (P06-CTS-01936 and P08-CVI-03550) to F.S., and from the Consejería de Salud, Junta de Andalucía (CS 0116/2007) to E. P.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/61469
ISSN: 137 | 1436-6207 (Print) | 1435-1293 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s00394-015-1142-4
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1142-4
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1142-4
Appears in Collections:INV - GHM - Artículos de Revistas

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