Golf course irrigation and self-sufficiency water in Southern Spain

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Title: Golf course irrigation and self-sufficiency water in Southern Spain
Authors: Ortuño Padilla, Armando | Hernández Hernández, María | Civera, Sergio
Research Group/s: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio en el Espacio Litoral | Agua y Territorio | Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Edificación y Urbanismo | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Análisis Geográfico Regional y Geografía Física
Keywords: Golf | Irrigation | Real estate | Competition | Reuse | Spain
Knowledge Area: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio | Análisis Geográfico Regional
Issue Date: Mar-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Land Use Policy. 2015, 44: 10-18. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.11.020
Abstract: During the first decade of the 21st century, many golf courses were developed in the Southeast of Spain, which greatly increased the number of these facilities. Almost all of these golf courses have been accompanied by large residential developments composed of thousands of dwelling units. This article seeks to identify the factors that influence golf courses’ water consumption and estimate the number of dwelling units that an associated residential development needs to have to provide the effluent necessary to fully meet the irrigation needs of a golf course. The study indicates that private golf courses achieve greater levels of irrigation efficiency than public golf courses and that the golf courses associated with residential developments subject the irrigation needs of the grassland to the sale requirements of the real estate properties. The study also estimates that a golf course requires approximately 3000 dwelling units with an average annual occupancy of 33% to achieve self-sufficiency for irrigation.
Sponsor: The results presented in this article are part of three research studies. The first study was carried out by the Human Geography Department thanks to an agreement reached with the Spanish Ministry of Environment in 2006. This study was led by José Ramón Navarro Vera and Armando Ortuño Padilla and was titled “Territorial impact of golf courses and associated operations in the Spanish Levante”. The second study, which is included in a project entitled “Recent urbanisation processes and sustainable water management: an exploration of relationships in the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula (1991–2008)”, was funded by the Spanish Inter-ministerial Commission for Science and Technology (CICYT) as part of its 2009 Funding Programme for Non-oriented Basic Research Projects (CSO2009-12772-03-03). The main researcher for this second study at the University of Alicante was María Hernández-Hernández, from the Interuniversity Institute for Geography. The third study, titled “Urbanisation and water metabolism in the coast of Alicante: Analysis of trends for the 2000–2010 period” (CSO2012-36997-C02-02), was funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness in the framework of non-oriented research programmes.
ISSN: 0264-8377 (Print) | 1873-5754 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.11.020
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - Paisajes y Recursos Naturales en España - Artículos de Revistas
INV - UOTEL - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Agua y Territorio - Artículos de Revistas
INV - AORTA - Artículos de Revistas

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