Profiles of Perfectionism and School Anxiety: A Review of the 2 × 2 Model of Dispositional Perfectionism in Child Population

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Title: Profiles of Perfectionism and School Anxiety: A Review of the 2 × 2 Model of Dispositional Perfectionism in Child Population
Authors: Inglés, Cándido J. | García-Fernández, José Manuel | Vicent, María | Gonzálvez, Carolina | Sanmartín, Ricardo
Research Group/s: Investigación en Inteligencias, Competencia Social y Educación (SOCEDU)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y Didáctica
Keywords: 2 × 2 model of perfectionism | School anxiety | Cluster analysis | Primary Education | Socially prescribed perfectionism | Self-oriented perfectionism
Knowledge Area: Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación
Issue Date: 14-Sep-2016
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Frontiers in Physiology. 2016, 7:1403. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01403
Abstract: The 2 × 2 model of dispositional perfectionism has been very well received by researchers of the topic, leading to the creation of new studies that have analyzed the way in which the four proposed subtypes are distinctly associated with measures of adaptation and maladjustment. The goal of this study was to determine the possible existence of four profiles of child perfectionism that are congruent with the subtypes proposed by the 2 × 2 model, and whether these subtypes are associated with school anxiety, in accordance with the hypotheses established by the model. The sample was composed of 2157 students from Spanish Primary Education aged between 8 and 11 years (M = 9.60, SD = 1.24). The Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale was used to assess Socially Prescribed Perfectionism and Self-Oriented Perfectionism, and the School Anxiety Inventory for Primary Education was used to measure school anxiety. The results of cluster analysis identified four differential groups of perfectionists similar to the subtypes defined by the 2 × 2 model: Non-Perfectionism, Pure Personal Standards Perfectionism (Pure PSP), Pure Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism (Pure ECP), and Mixed Perfectionism. The four groups presented a differentiable pattern of association with school anxiety, with the exception of Pure PSP and Pure ECP, which showed no significant differences. Participants classified as Non-perfectionists presented the most adaptive outcomes, whereas subjects included in the Mixed Perfectionism group scored significantly higher on school anxiety than the three remaining groups. To conclude, the results partially supported the hypotheses of the 2 × 2 model, questioning the consideration of Self-Oriented Perfectionism as a positive manifestation of perfectionism and showing that it is the combination of high scores in both perfectionist dimensions, Self-Oriented Perfectionism and Socially Prescribed Perfectionism that implies higher levels of school anxiety. These findings should be taken into account when generalizing the 2 × 2 model to child population.
Sponsor: Part of this investigation is supported by the project “Assessment of school anxiety and its relation with psychoeducational variables in childhood. Study of the efficacy of a preventive program” (EDU2012-35124), awarded to JG-F, as well as by aid for the recruitment of pre-doctorate research staff, Program VALi+d (ACIF/2014/368) granted to MV, and by aid to contracts for the training of doctors -UA FPU 2013-5795 y 2015-5995, granted to CG and RS, respectively.
ISSN: 1664-042X
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01403
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 Inglés, García-Fernández, Vicent, Gonzálvez and Sanmartín. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - SOCEDU - Artículos de Revistas

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