Effect of Mesoporous Catalysts on the Mainstream Tobacco Smoke of 3R4F and 1R5F Reference Cigarettes

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Title: Effect of Mesoporous Catalysts on the Mainstream Tobacco Smoke of 3R4F and 1R5F Reference Cigarettes
Authors: Marcilla, Antonio | Gómez-Siurana, Amparo | Berenguer Muñoz, Deseada | Martínez Castellanos, Isabel | Beltrán, M.I.
Research Group/s: Procesado y Pirólisis de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería de los Procesos Químicos
Keywords: Tobacco | Tar | CO | SBA-15 | MCM-41 | Reduction
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2015
Publisher: Science Publishing Group
Citation: American Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2015, 3(1): 1-18. doi:10.11648/j.ajche.20150301.11
Abstract: The effect of three synthesised mesoporous catalysts (a SBA-15 and two MCM-41) on the smoke of two reference tobaccos (1R5F and 3R4F) has been studied. Mixtures of the catalysts and each tobacco were smoked under the ISO 3388 standard conditions. The gaseous compounds and the particulate matter condensed in the filter tip (TPM-F) and in a trap located downstream (TPM-T) from the mainstream smoke were analysed separately. The results obtained show that these catalysts directly mixed with tobacco are capable of reducing the yield of most of the compounds studied in the mainstream tobacco smoke. SBA-15 is a better additive for reducing the amount of the compounds analysed in 1R5F and 3R4F tobaccos, both in the liquid fraction (TPM-F and TPM-T) and in the gas fraction. The effect of the studied catalysts is higher on the full-flavour cigarette than on the ultra-low one. As an example, the reductions observed for CO and nicotine in TPM-T from 3R4F as a consequence of the SBA-15 addition were 46% and 77%, respectively. Thus, although the three checked materials are able to provide noticeable reductions, the best is the one having the higher size of pores (SBA-15).
Sponsor: Financial support for this investigation has been provided by the Spanish “Secretaría de Estado de Investigación” del Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (CTQ2008-01023) and Generalitat Valenciana (PROMETEO/2012/015).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/57959
ISSN: 2330-8605 (Print) | 2330-8613 (Online)
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.20150301.11
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.ajche.20150301.11
Appears in Collections:INV - GTP3 - Artículos de Investigación sobre Pirólisis Catalítica de Polímeros

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