Applications for CO2-Activated Carbon Monoliths: I. Gas Storage

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Title: Applications for CO2-Activated Carbon Monoliths: I. Gas Storage
Authors: Kunowsky, Mirko | Marco Lozar, Juan Pablo | Suárez García, Fabián | Linares-Solano, Angel | Carruthers, James Donald
Research Group/s: Materiales Carbonosos y Medio Ambiente
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: CO2 | Activated carbon | Monoliths | Gas storage
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Issue Date: Nov-2015
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology. 2015, 12(S3): E121-E126. doi:10.1111/ijac.12386
Abstract: Carbon monoliths with high densities are studied as adsorbents for the storage of H2, CH4, and CO2 at ambient temperature and high pressures. The starting monolith A3 (produced by ATMI Co.) was activated under a CO2 flow at 1073 K, applying different activation times up to 48 h. Micropore volumes and apparent surface areas were deduced from N2 and CO2 adsorption isotherms at 77 K and 273 K, respectively. CO2 and CH4 isotherms were measured up to 3 MPa and H2 up to 20 MPa. The BET surface area of the starting monolith (941 m2/g) could be significantly increased up to 1586 m2/g, and the developed porosity is almost exclusively comprised of micropores <1 nm. Total storage amounts take into account the compressed gas in the void space of the material, in addition to the adsorbed gas. Remarkably, high total storage amounts are reached for CO2 (482 g/L), CH4 (123 g/L), and H2 (18 g/L). These values are much higher than for other sorbents with similar surface areas, due to the high density of the starting monolith and of the activated ones, for which the density decreases only slightly (from 1.0 g/cm3 to 0.8 g /cm3 upon CO2 activation). The findings reveal the suitability of high density activated carbon monoliths for gas storage application. Thus, the amounts of stored gas can be increased by more than a 70 % in the case of H2 at 20 MPa, almost 5.5 times in the case of CH4 at 3 MPa, and more than 7.5 times in the case of CO2 at 3 MPa when adsorbents are used for gas storage under the investigated conditions rather than simple compression. Furthermore, the obtained results have been recently confirmed by a scale-up study in which 2.64 kg of high density monolith adsorbent was filled a tank cylinder of 2.5 L (Carbon, 76, 2014, 123).
ISSN: 1546-542X (Print) | 1744-7402 (Online)
DOI: 10.1111/ijac.12386
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2015 The American Ceramic Society
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:INV - MCMA - Artículos de Revistas

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