Organic distributed feedback laser to monitor solvent extraction upon thermal annealing in solution-processed polymer films

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Title: Organic distributed feedback laser to monitor solvent extraction upon thermal annealing in solution-processed polymer films
Authors: Boj Giménez, Pedro | Morales-Vidal, Marta | Villalvilla Soria, José Moisés | Quintana Arévalo, José Antonio | Marcilla, Antonio | Díaz-García, María A.
Research Group/s: Física de la Materia Condensada | Procesado y Pirólisis de Polímeros
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Óptica, Farmacología y Anatomía | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física Aplicada | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Química | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: Solution-process | Polymer films | Thermal annealing | Organic distributed feedback laser
Knowledge Area: Óptica | Física de la Materia Condensada | Física Aplicada | Ingeniería Química
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. 2016, 232: 605-610. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.162
Abstract: Solution-processed polymer films are used in multiple technological applications. The presence of residual solvent in the film, as a consequence of the preparation method, affects the material properties, so films are typically subjected to post-deposition thermal annealing treatments aiming at its elimination. Monitoring the amount of solvent eliminated as a function of the annealing parameters is important to design a proper treatment to ensure complete solvent elimination, crucial to obtain reproducible and stable material properties and therefore, device performance. Here we demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the use of an organic distributed feedback (DFB) laser to monitor with high precision the amount of solvent extracted from a spin-coated polymer film as a function of the thermal annealing time. The polymer film of interest, polystyrene in the present work, is doped with a small amount of a laser dye as to constitute the active layer of the laser device and deposited over a reusable DFB resonator. It is shown that solvent elimination translates into shifts in the DFB laser wavelength, as a consequence of changes in film thickness and refractive index. The proposed method is expected to be applicable to other types of annealing treatments, polymer-solvent combinations or film deposition methods, thus constituting a valuable tool to accurately control the quality and reproducibility of solution-processed polymer thin films.
Sponsor: The work was supported by the Spanish Government (MINECO) and the European Community (FEDER) through grant No. MAT-2011-28167-C02-01. M.M.-V. has been partly supported by a MINECO FPI fellowship (No. BES-2009-020747).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/56033
ISSN: 0925-4005 (Print) | 1873-3077 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.162
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.162
Appears in Collections:INV - GTP3 - Artículos de Investigación sobre Procesado de Polímeros
INV - Física de la Materia Condensada - Artículos de Revistas
INV - GHPO - Artículos de Revistas

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