The Impact of BIM on the Distribution of Cost and Return on Investment in UK Construction Projects

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Title: The Impact of BIM on the Distribution of Cost and Return on Investment in UK Construction Projects
Authors: Cusack, Lucas | Saleeb, Noha
Keywords: Building information modelling | Cost distribution | Return on investment | BIM benefits | Construction lifecycle
Knowledge Area: Construcciones Arquitectónicas
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Universidad de Alicante
Citation: Galiano Garrigós, Antonio; Kouider, Tahar (eds.). Healthy Buildings: Innovation, Design & Technology, ICAT 2016: Conference Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of Architectural Technology, University of Alicante 12-14 May 2016. San Vicente del Raspeig: Universidad de Alicante, 2016. ISBN 978-84-16724-10-9, pp. 193-209
Abstract: It has been widely documented that when Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used, there is a shift in effort to the design phase. Little investigation into the impact of this shift in effort has been done and how it impacts on costs. It can be difficult to justify the increased expenditure on BIM in a market that is heavily driven by costs. There are currently studies attempting to quantify the return on investment (ROI) for BIM for which these returns can be seen to balance out the shift in efforts and costs to the design phase. The studies however quantify the ROI based on the individual stakeholder’s investment without consideration for the impact that the use of BIM from their project partners may have on their own profitability. In this study, a questionnaire investigated opinions and experience of construction professionals, representing clients, consultants, designers and contractors, to determine fluctuations in costs by their magnitude and when they occur. These factors were examined more closely by interviewing senior members representing each of the stakeholder categories and comparing their experience in using BIM within environments where their project partners were also using BIM and when they were not. This determined the differences in how the use and the investment in BIM impacts on others and how costs are redistributed. This redistribution is not just through time but also between stakeholders and categories of costs. Some of these cost fluctuations and how the cost of BIM is currently financed are also highlighted in several case studies. The results show that the current distribution of costs set for traditional 2D delivery is hindering the potential success of BIM. There is also evidence that stakeholders who don’t use BIM may benefit financially from the BIM use of others and that collaborative BIM is significantly different to the use of ‘lonely’ BIM in terms of benefits and profitability.
ISBN: 978-84-16724-10-9
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject
Rights: © de los textos: sus autores
Peer Review: si
Appears in Collections:Congresos - ICAT 2016 - Proceedings

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