Can model Hamiltonians describe the electron–electron interaction in π-conjugated systems?: PAH and graphene

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Title: Can model Hamiltonians describe the electron–electron interaction in π-conjugated systems?: PAH and graphene
Authors: Chiappe, Guillermo | Louis, Enrique | San-Fabián, Emilio | Vergés Brotons, José Antonio
Research Group/s: Física de la Materia Condensada | Materiales Avanzados | Química Cuántica
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física Aplicada | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Física | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: π-conjugated | e–e interaction | PAH | Graphene
Knowledge Area: Física Aplicada | Física de la Materia Condensada | Química Física
Issue Date: 26-Oct-2015
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 2015, 27(46): 463001. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/27/46/463001
Abstract: Model Hamiltonians have been, and still are, a valuable tool for investigating the electronic structure of systems for which mean field theories work poorly. This review will concentrate on the application of Pariser–Parr–Pople (PPP) and Hubbard Hamiltonians to investigate some relevant properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and graphene. When presenting these two Hamiltonians we will resort to second quantisation which, although not the way chosen in its original proposal of the former, is much clearer. We will not attempt to be comprehensive, but rather our objective will be to try to provide the reader with information on what kinds of problems they will encounter and what tools they will need to solve them. One of the key issues concerning model Hamiltonians that will be treated in detail is the choice of model parameters. Although model Hamiltonians reduce the complexity of the original Hamiltonian, they cannot be solved in most cases exactly. So, we shall first consider the Hartree–Fock approximation, still the only tool for handling large systems, besides density functional theory (DFT) approaches. We proceed by discussing to what extent one may exactly solve model Hamiltonians and the Lanczos approach. We shall describe the configuration interaction (CI) method, a common technology in quantum chemistry but one rarely used to solve model Hamiltonians. In particular, we propose a variant of the Lanczos method, inspired by CI, that has the novelty of using as the seed of the Lanczos process a mean field (Hartree–Fock) determinant (the method will be named LCI). Two questions of interest related to model Hamiltonians will be discussed: (i) when including long-range interactions, how crucial is including in the Hamiltonian the electronic charge that compensates ion charges? (ii) Is it possible to reduce a Hamiltonian incorporating Coulomb interactions (PPP) to an 'effective' Hamiltonian including only on-site interactions (Hubbard)? The performance of CI will be checked on small molecules. The electronic structure of azulene and fused azulene will be used to illustrate several aspects of the method. As regards graphene, several questions will be considered: (i) paramagnetic versus antiferromagnetic solutions, (ii) forbidden gap versus dot size, (iii) graphene nano-ribbons, and (iv) optical properties.
Sponsor: Financial support by the Spanish ‘Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación MICINN’ (grants FIS2009-10325, FIS2009-08744, FIS2012-33521 and FIS2012-35880) and the Universidad de Alicante is gratefully acknowledged. We also acknowledge support from the DGUI of the Comunidad de Madrid under the R&D Program of activities MODELICO-CM/S2009ESP-1691.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/53250
ISSN: 0953-8984 (Print) | 1361-648X (Online)
DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/27/46/463001
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/27/46/463001
Appears in Collections:INV - Física de la Materia Condensada - Artículos de Revistas
INV - QC - Artículos de Revistas
INV - LMA - Artículos de Revistas

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