A first approach to earthquake damage estimation in Haiti: advices to minimize the seismic risk

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Title: A first approach to earthquake damage estimation in Haiti: advices to minimize the seismic risk
Authors: Torres Fernández, Yolanda | Molina-Palacios, Sergio | Martínez-Cuevas, Sandra | Navarro Bernal, Manuel | Martínez-Díaz, José Jesús | Benito Oterino, María Belén | Galiana-Merino, Juan José | Belizaire, Dwinel
Research Group/s: Sismología-Riesgo Sísmico y Procesado de la Señal en Fenómenos Naturales
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Física, Ingeniería de Sistemas y Teoría de la Señal
Keywords: Seismic risk | Earthquake damage | Vulnerability | Resilience | Haiti
Knowledge Area: Física de la Tierra | Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Citation: Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. 2016, 14(1): 39-58. doi:10.1007/s10518-015-9813-3
Abstract: This study is in the frame of the cooperative line that several Spanish Universities and other foreign partners started with the Haitian government in 2010. According to our studies (Benito et al. in An evaluation of seismic hazard in La Hispaniola, after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, 33rd General Assembly of the European Seismological Commission, Moscow, Russia, 2012) and recent scientific literature, the earthquake hazard in Haiti remains high (Calais et al. in Nat Geosci 3:794–799, 2010). In view of this, we wonder whether the country is currently ready to face another earthquake. In this sense, we estimated several damage scenarios in Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haitien associated to realistic possible major earthquakes. Our findings show that almost 50 % of the building stock of both cities would result uninhabitable due to structural damage. Around 80 % of the buildings in both cities have reinforced concrete structure with concrete block infill; however, the presence of masonry buildings becomes significant (between 25 and 45 % of the reinforced concrete buildings) in rural areas and informal settlements on the outskirts, where the estimated damage is higher. The influence of the soil effect on the damage spatial distribution is evident in both cities. We have found that the percentage of uninhabitable buildings in soft soil areas may be double the percentage obtained in nearby districts located in hard soil. These results reveal that a new seismic catastrophe of similar or even greater consequences than the 2010 Haiti earthquake might happen if the earthquake resilience is not improved in the country. Nowadays, the design of prevention actions and mitigation policies is the best instrument the society has to face seismic risk. In this sense, the results of this research might contribute to define measures oriented to earthquake risk reduction in Haiti, which should be a real priority for national and international institutions.
Sponsor: This work was developed thanks to the financial support of the Technical University of Madrid, through the series of projects SISMO-HAITI.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/52021
ISSN: 1570-761X (Print) | 1573-1456 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/s10518-015-9813-3
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10518-015-9813-3
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10518-015-9813-3
Appears in Collections:INV - GIRS - Artículos de Revistas

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