Twenty-year advanced DInSAR analysis of severe land subsidence: The Alto Guadalentín Basin (Spain) case study

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Title: Twenty-year advanced DInSAR analysis of severe land subsidence: The Alto Guadalentín Basin (Spain) case study
Authors: Bonì, Roberta | Herrera García, Gerardo | Meisina, Claudia | Notti, Davide | Béjar Pizarro, Marta | Zucca, Francesco | González, Pablo J. | Palano, Mimmo | Tomás, Roberto | Fernández Torres, José | Fernández-Merodo, José Antonio | Mulas de la Peña, Joaquín | Aragón, Ramón | Guardiola-Albert, Carolina | Mora, Oscar
Research Group/s: Ingeniería del Terreno y sus Estructuras (InTerEs)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ingeniería Civil
Keywords: Land subsidence | Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) | Spatio-temporal analysis | Lorca | Groundwater level | GPS
Knowledge Area: Ingeniería del Terreno
Issue Date: 23-Nov-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Engineering Geology. 2015, 198: 40-52. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.08.014
Abstract: A twenty-year period of severe land subsidence evolution in the Alto Guadalentín Basin (southeast Spain) is monitored using multi-sensor SAR images, processed by advanced differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR) techniques. The SAR images used in this study consist of four datasets acquired by ERS-1/2, ENVISAT, ALOS and COSMO-SkyMed satellites between 1992 and 2012. The integration of ground surface displacement maps retrieved for different time periods allows us to quantify up to 2.50 m of cumulated displacements that occurred between 1992 and 2012 in the Alto Guadalentín Basin. DInSAR results were locally compared with global positioning system (GPS) data available for two continuous stations located in the study area, demonstrating the high consistency of local vertical motion measurements between the two different surveying techniques. An average absolute error of 4.6 ± 4 mm for the ALOS data and of 4.8 ± 3.5 mm for the COSMO-SkyMed data confirmed the reliability of the analysis. The spatial analysis of DInSAR ground surface displacement reveals a direct correlation with the thickness of the compressible alluvial deposits. Detected ground subsidence in the past 20 years is most likely a consequence of a 100–200 m groundwater level drop that has persisted since the 1970s due to the overexploitation of the Alto Guadalentín aquifer system. The negative gradient of the pore pressure is responsible for the extremely slow consolidation of a very thick (> 100 m) layer of fine-grained silt and clay layers with low vertical hydraulic permeability (approximately 50 mm/h) wherein the maximum settlement has still not been reached.
Sponsor: This work was developed during Roberta Bonì's stay within the Geohazards InSAR Laboratory and Modeling Group of the Instituto Geológico y Minero de España in the framework of the DORIS project (Ground Deformation Risk Scenarios: an Advanced Assessment Service) funded by the EC-GMES-FP7 initiative (Grant Agreement 423 no. 242212). ALOS PALSAR images were provided by the project JAXA-1209. Part of this work is supported by the Spanish Government under project TEC2011-28201-C02 and by the project 15224/PI/10 from the Regional Agency of Science and Technology in Murcia. Additional funding was obtained from the Spanish Research Program through the projects AYA2010-17448, ESP2013-47780-C2-1-R and ESP2013-47780-C2-2-R and by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport through the project PRX14/00100.
ISSN: 0013-7952 (Print) | 1872-6917 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.08.014
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - INTERES - Artículos de Revistas
Research funded by the EU

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