Effects of seasonal closures in a multi-specific fishery

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Title: Effects of seasonal closures in a multi-specific fishery
Authors: Samy-Kamal, Mohammed | Forcada, Aitor | Sánchez-Lizaso, José Luis
Research Group/s: Biología Marina | Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias del Mar y Biología Aplicada
Keywords: Catch per unit effort (CPUE) | Effort reduction | Evaluation of closures | Ex-vessel price | Fisheries management | Management measures | Trawl fishery
Knowledge Area: Zoología
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Fisheries Research. 2015, 172: 303-317. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2015.07.027
Abstract: In input-controlled multi-specific fisheries, seasonal closure has little biological rationale as a management measure, because it is difficult to adjust such closure for many target species and, in most cases, they are adopted for economic purposes. We aimed to determine effects of closure in biologic and economic terms, using 10-year landing data from two representative trawling ports of the Western Mediterranean: Dénia and La Vila Joiosa. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to detect significant differences, before and after the closure, in standardized catch per unit effort (CPUE) at different seasons and sale prices at home/closed and neighbour/open ports. ANOVAs showed significantly higher CPUE after the closure for total landings and Mullus spp. of the Red mullet métier, Merluccius merluccius CPUE (in two years) and the total landings of the Norway lobster métier. On the contrary, significant lower values were observed after the closure for total CPUE (in early summer) and Aristeus antennatus of Red shrimp métier. Similar CPUE was observed at all levels when the closure took place in late summer. In economic terms, market prices of target species have decreased or shown no changes after the closure at home/closed and neighbouring/open ports. The only exception was the significant increase of the price for A. antennatus in Dénia during the closure in La Vila Joiosa. Depending on its timing, the closure would highlight some positive biological effects on some target species. However, closure leads to an unavoidable reduction in most of target species prices. An alternative management measure that is based on effort reduction in input-controlled multi-specific fisheries could ban one day per week when market prices of target species are lower.
Sponsor: M. Samy-Kamal was supported by a grant of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/48896
ISSN: 0165-7836 (Print) | 1872-6763 (Online)
DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2015.07.027
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2015.07.027
Appears in Collections:INV - BM - Artículos Científicos / Scientific Papers
INV - Recursos Hídricos y Desarrollo Sostenible - Artículos de Revistas

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