Intimate partner violence among women in Spain: the impact of regional-level male unemployment and income inequality

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Información del item - Informació de l'item - Item information
Title: Intimate partner violence among women in Spain: the impact of regional-level male unemployment and income inequality
Authors: Sanz, Belén | Vives-Cases, Carmen | Otero, Laura | Muntaner, Carles | Torrubiano Domínguez, Jordi | O'Campo, Patricia
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia
Keywords: Intimate partner violence | Spain | Economic policies | Economic inequalities | Gender inequality
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Issue Date: 18-Mar-2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: European Journal of Public Health. 2015, First published online: 18 March 2015. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv048
Abstract: Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a complex worldwide public health problem. There is scarce research on the independent effect on IPV exerted by structural factors such as labour and economic policies, economic inequalities and gender inequality. Objective: To analyse the association, in Spain, between contextual variables of regional unemployment and income inequality and individual women’s likelihood of IPV, independently of the women’s characteristics. Method: We conducted multilevel logistic regression to analyse cross-sectional data from the 2011 Spanish Macrosurvey of Gender-based Violence which included 7898 adult women. The first level of analyses was the individual women’ characteristics and the second level was the region of residence. Results: Of the survey participants, 12.2% reported lifetime IPV. The region of residence accounted for 3.5% of the total variability in IPV prevalence. We determined a direct association between regional male long-term unemployment and IPV likelihood (P = 0.007) and between the Gini Index for the regional income inequality and IPV likelihood (P < 0.001). Women residing in a region with higher gender-based income discrimination are at a lower likelihood of IPV than those residing in a region with low gender-based income discrimination (odds ratio = 0.64, 95% confidence intervals: 0.55–0.75). Conclusions: Growing regional unemployment rates and income inequalities increase women’s likelihood of IPV. In times of economic downturn, like the current one in Spain, this association may translate into an increase in women’s vulnerability to IPV.
ISSN: 1101-1262 (Print) | 1464-360X (Online)
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckv048
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

Files in This Item:
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ThumbnailIntimate_partner_violence_among_women_in_Spain.pdfVersión final (acceso restringido)264,15 kBAdobe PDFOpen    Request a copy

Items in RUA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.