Beyond the H2/CO2 upper bound: one-step crystallization and separation of nano-sized ZIF-11 by centrifugation and its application in mixed matrix membranes

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Title: Beyond the H2/CO2 upper bound: one-step crystallization and separation of nano-sized ZIF-11 by centrifugation and its application in mixed matrix membranes
Authors: Sánchez-Laínez, Javier | Zornoza, Beatriz | Mayoral, Álvaro | Berenguer-Murcia, Ángel | Cazorla-Amorós, Diego | Téllez, Carlos | Coronas, Joaquín
Research Group/s: Materiales Carbonosos y Medio Ambiente
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Química Inorgánica | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Universitario de Materiales
Keywords: Synthesis | Nano-sized ZIF-11 | Centrifugation | Mixed matrix membranes | H2/CO2 separation
Knowledge Area: Química Inorgánica
Issue Date: 17-Feb-2015
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2015, 3: 6549-6556. doi:10.1039/C4TA06820C
Abstract: The synthesis of nano-sized ZIF-11 with an average size of 36 ± 6 nm is reported. This material has been named nano-zeolitic imidazolate framework-11 (nZIF-11). It has the same chemical composition and thermal stability and analogous H2 and CO2 adsorption properties to the conventional microcrystalline ZIF-11 (i.e. 1.9 ± 0.9 μm). nZIF-11 has been obtained following the centrifugation route, typically used for solid separation, as a fast new technique (pioneering for MOFs) for obtaining nanomaterials where the temperature, time and rotation speed can easily be controlled. Compared to the traditional synthesis consisting of stirring + separation, the reaction time was lowered from several hours to a few minutes when using this centrifugation synthesis technique. Employing the same reaction time (2, 5 or 10 min), micro-sized ZIF-11 was obtained using the traditional synthesis while nano-scale ZIF-11 was achieved only by using centrifugation synthesis. The small particle size obtained for nZIF-11 allowed the use of the wet MOF sample as a colloidal suspension stable in chloroform. This helped to prepare mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) by direct addition of the membrane polymer (polyimide Matrimid®) to the colloidal suspension, avoiding particle agglomeration resulting from drying. The MMMs were tested for H2/CO2 separation, improving the pure polymer membrane performance, with permeation values of 95.9 Barrer of H2 and a H2/CO2 separation selectivity of 4.4 at 35 °C. When measured at 200 °C, these values increased to 535 Barrer and 9.1.
Sponsor: Financial support from the Spanish MINECO (MAT2013-40566-R, CTQ2012-31762, and RyC-2009-03913), the Aragón Government and the ESF is gratefully acknowledged. In addition, research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement no. 608490, project M4CO2. Finally, the use of the Servicio General de Apoyo a la Investigación-SAI (Universidad de Zaragoza) is acknowledged.
ISSN: 2050-7488 (Print) | 2050-7496 (Online)
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06820C
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Royal Society of Chemistry 2015
Peer Review: si
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