Detection and mapping of burnt areas from time series of MODIS-derived NDVI data in a Mediterranean region

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Title: Detection and mapping of burnt areas from time series of MODIS-derived NDVI data in a Mediterranean region
Authors: García Ferrández, Miguel Antonio | Alloza Millán, José Antonio | Mayor, Angeles G. | Bautista, Susana | Rodríguez, Francisco
Research Group/s: Análisis de Datos y Modelización de Procesos en Biología y Geociencias | Gestión de Ecosistemas y de la Biodiversidad (GEB)
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Matemática Aplicada | Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ecología | Universidad de Alicante. Instituto Multidisciplinar para el Estudio del Medio "Ramón Margalef"
Keywords: Burnt area mapping | Mediterranean Basin | MODIS-NDVI | Remote sensing | Wildfire
Knowledge Area: Matemática Aplicada | Ecología
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Versita
Citation: Central European Journal of Geosciences. 2014, 6(1): 112-120. doi:10.2478/s13533-012-0167-y
Abstract: Moderate resolution remote sensing data, as provided by MODIS, can be used to detect and map active or past wildfires from daily records of suitable combinations of reflectance bands. The objective of the present work was to develop and test simple algorithms and variations for automatic or semiautomatic detection of burnt areas from time series data of MODIS biweekly vegetation indices for a Mediterranean region. MODIS-derived NDVI 250m time series data for the Valencia region, East Spain, were subjected to a two-step process for the detection of candidate burnt areas, and the results compared with available fire event records from the Valencia Regional Government. For each pixel and date in the data series, a model was fitted to both the previous and posterior time series data. Combining drops between two consecutive points and 1-year average drops, we used discrepancies or jumps between the pre and post models to identify seed pixels, and then delimitated fire scars for each potential wildfire using an extension algorithm from the seed pixels. The resulting maps of the detected burnt areas showed a very good agreement with the perimeters registered in the database of fire records used as reference. Overall accuracies and indices of agreement were very high, and omission and commission errors were similar or lower than in previous studies that used automatic or semiautomatic fire scar detection based on remote sensing. This supports the effectiveness of the method for detecting and mapping burnt areas in the Mediterranean region.
Sponsor: This work was supported by the research projects FEEDBACK (CGL2011-30515- C02-01), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Innovation and Science, CASCADE (GA283068), funded by European Commission under the Seventh Framework Program, and GVPRE/2008/310, funded by the Valencia Regional Government (Generalitat Valenciana).
ISSN: 2081-9900 (Print) | 1896-1517 (Online)
DOI: 10.2478/s13533-012-0167-y
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © 2014 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
Peer Review: si
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Appears in Collections:Research funded by the EU
INV - GEB - Artículos de Revistas
INV - MODDE - Artículos de Revistas
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