New data on the recently described Xiphion heracleanum (Iridaceae), endemic to Morocco

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Title: New data on the recently described Xiphion heracleanum (Iridaceae), endemic to Morocco
Authors: Crespo, Manuel B. | Alonso-Vargas, M. Angeles | Martínez-Azorín, Mario | Vicente Caviedes, Alicia | Villar García, José Luis | Chambouleyron, Mathieu
Research Group/s: Botánica y Conservación Vegetal
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Ciencias Ambientales y Recursos Naturales | Universidad de Alicante. Centro Iberoamericano de la Biodiversidad
Keywords: Biogeography | Ecology | Iridaceae | Iris | Lectotypification | Morocco | Morphology | Pollination | Rif mountains | Xiphion heracleanum | Xiphion junceum
Knowledge Area: Botánica
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2014
Publisher: Magnolia Press
Citation: Phytotaxa. 2014, 162(1): 31-43. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.162.1.3
Abstract: Xiphion heracleanum was recently described from the Tingitane Peninsula (northern Morocco), on the basis of herbarium material collected mostly in the 19th century. After field work in the Rif area, a new population with three independent subpopulations of X. heracleanum has been discovered in Djebel Bouhachem, over 60 km southeast from Tangiers, the type locality. About 100 reproductive individuals are growing there, on schistose soils in rocky places. New data on morphology, ecology, and distribution of this taxon are reported on the basis of re-evaluation of characters from both living specimens and herbarium material, and morphological affinities and differences with close relatives in the genus are discussed. In particular, relationships with the North African endemic X. junceum are newly revised, a morphologically very close plant which is lectotypified here and as which it has repeatedly been misidentified. Furthermore, inclusion of this species in the list of rare plants of Morocco is proposed as RR, and a key for identification of the known species of Xiphion is presented.
Sponsor: This research was partly supported by MICINN (M° de Economía y Competitividad, Spanish Government) through the research project CGL2011-30140, as well as the Flora iberica project, parts VIII and IX (CGL2008-02982-C03 and CGL2011-28613-C03-01), and the FPU programme.
ISSN: 1179-3155 (Print) | 1179-3163 (Online)
DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.162.1.3
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © Magnolia Press
Peer Review: si
Publisher version:
Appears in Collections:INV - BotCoVe - Artículos de Revistas

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