A framework to analyse gender bias in epidemiological research

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Title: A framework to analyse gender bias in epidemiological research
Authors: Ruiz-Cantero, María Teresa | Vives-Cases, Carmen | Artazcoz, Lucía | Delgado, Ana | García Calvente, María del Mar | Miqueo, Consuelo | Montero Piñar, María Isabel | Ortiz-Moncada, Rocío | Ronda-Pérez, Elena | Ruiz Pérez, Isabel | Valls, Carme
Research Group/s: Salud Pública
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Enfermería Comunitaria, Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública e Historia de la Ciencia | Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. Red de Investigación en Salud y Género | Agencia de Salud Pública de Barcelona | Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública | Universidad de Zaragoza. Departamento de Ciencias de la Documentación e Historia de la Ciencia | Universidad de Valencia. Departamento de Medicina | Centro de Análisis y Planificación Sanitaria (Barcelona) | CIBERESP
Keywords: Gender bias | Epidemiology | Framework
Knowledge Area: Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública
Date Created: 2007
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: RUIZ CANTERO, María Teresa, et al. "A framework to analyse gender bias in epidemiological research". Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Vol. 61, Supplement 2 (Dec. 2007). ISSN 0143-005X, pp. ii46-ii53
Abstract: The design and analysis of research may cause systematic gender dependent errors to be produced in results because of gender insensitivity or androcentrism. Gender bias in research could be defined as a systematically erroneous gender dependent approach related to social construct, which incorrectly regards women and men as similar/different. Most gender bias can be found in the context of discovery (development of hypotheses), but it has also been found in the context of justification (methodological process), which must be improved. In fact, one of the main effects of gender bias in research is partial or incorrect knowledge in the results, which are systematically different from the real values.This paper discusses some forms of conceptual and methodological bias that may affect women’s health. It proposes a framework to analyse gender bias in the design and analysis of research carried out on women’s and men’s health problems, and on specific women’s health issues.Using examples, the framework aims to show the different theoretical perspectives in a social or clinical research context where forms of selection, measurement and confounding bias are produced as a result of gender insensitivity. Finally, this paper underlines the importance of re-examining results so that they may be reinterpreted to produce new gender based knowledge.
Sponsor: Spanish Research Network on Health and Gender (RISG)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/4284
ISSN: 0143-005X
DOI: 10.1136/jech.2007.062034
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. http://jech.bmj.com/
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.062034
Appears in Collections:INV - SP - Artículos de Revistas
INV - Investigación en Género - Artículos de Revistas
Institucional - IUIEG - Publicaciones

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