Ectopic overexpression of the cell wall invertase gene CIN1 leads to dehydration avoidance in tomato

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Title: Ectopic overexpression of the cell wall invertase gene CIN1 leads to dehydration avoidance in tomato
Authors: Albacete, Alfonso | Cantero-Navarro, Elena | Großkinsky, Dominik K. | Arias, Cintia L. | Balibrea, María Encarnación | Bru-Martinez, Roque | Fragner, Lena | Ghanem, Michel E. | González, María de la Cruz | Hernández, Jose A. | Martínez-Andújar, Cristina | Graaff, Eric van der | Weckwerth, Wolfram | Zellnig, Günther | Pérez-Alfocea, Francisco | Roitsch, Thomas
Research Group/s: Proteómica y Genómica Funcional de Plantas
Center, Department or Service: Universidad de Alicante. Departamento de Agroquímica y Bioquímica
Keywords: Cell wall invertase | Cytokinins | Drought stress | Ethylene | Source–sink relationships | Tomato
Knowledge Area: Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Issue Date: 11-Nov-2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Journal of Experimental Botany. 2014. doi:10.1093/jxb/eru448
Abstract: Drought stress conditions modify source–sink relations, thereby influencing plant growth, adaptive responses, and consequently crop yield. Invertases are key metabolic enzymes regulating sink activity through the hydrolytic cleavage of sucrose into hexose monomers, thus playing a crucial role in plant growth and development. However, the physiological role of invertases during adaptation to abiotic stress conditions is not yet fully understood. Here it is shown that plant adaptation to drought stress can be markedly improved in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) by overexpression of the cell wall invertase (cwInv) gene CIN1 from Chenopodium rubrum. CIN1 overexpression limited stomatal conductance under normal watering regimes, leading to reduced water consumption during the drought period, while photosynthetic activity was maintained. This caused a strong increase in water use efficiency (up to 50%), markedly improving water stress adaptation through an efficient physiological strategy of dehydration avoidance. Drought stress strongly reduced cwInv activity and induced its proteinaceous inhibitor in the leaves of the wild-type plants. However, the CIN1-overexpressing plants registered 3- to 6-fold higher cwInv activity in all analysed conditions. Surprisingly, the enhanced invertase activity did not result in increased hexose concentrations due to the activation of the metabolic carbohydrate fluxes, as reflected by the maintenance of the activity of key enzymes of primary metabolism and increased levels of sugar-phosphate intermediates under water deprivation. The induced sink metabolism in the leaves explained the maintenance of photosynthetic activity, delayed senescence, and increased source activity under drought stress. Moreover, CIN1 plants also presented a better control of production of reactive oxygen species and sustained membrane protection. Those metabolic changes conferred by CIN1 overexpression were accompanied by increases in the concentrations of the senescence-delaying hormone trans-zeatin and decreases in the senescence-inducing ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in the leaves. Thus, cwInv critically functions at the integration point of metabolic, hormonal, and stress signals, providing a novel strategy to overcome drought-induced limitations to crop yield, without negatively affecting plant fitness under optimal growth conditions.
Sponsor: FPA and co-workers are funded by the Spanish MICINN-FEDER (projects AT2009-0038 and AGL2011-27996) and the European Commission (ROOTOPOWER Contract # 289365). TR and FPA were jointly funded by the Spanish–Austrian bilateral project AT2009-0038. AA was supported by post-doctoral fellowships from the Fundación Séneca (Comunidad Autónoma de la Región de Murcia) and the FWF (Austrian Science Fund), and currently by the JAE DOC Programme.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10045/42367
ISSN: 0022-0957 (Print) | 1460-2431 (Online)
DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru448
Language: eng
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Rights: © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Peer Review: si
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eru448
Appears in Collections:INV - Proteómica y Genómica Funcional de Plantas - Artículos de Revistas

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